Disinfo: Ukraine violates the Ottawa Convention

Summary

The 36th brigade of the Ukrainian marines violates the Ottawa Convention. Fresh photographs on the internet from the mine-explosive charges held by the 36th brigade, completely refute denials of the non-use of antipersonnel mines. In these photographs, we can perfectly distinguish the land mines. These mines explode not only at the training ground of the 36th brigade but also cause tragedies among civilians in Donbas.

Disproof

A recurring narrative about the war in Ukraine. Similar publications appeared in Russian media after Ukrainian marines took part in a routine mine safety exercise for young commanders. During the training, the officers were reminded of the basic rules for handling explosive objects, and they conducted practical exercises with examples of the performance of combat missions by a demining group. There was no "mining with anti-personnel mines" of the territories of Donbas during the classes - these were military exercises for young officers. The Ottawa Convention, adopted in September 1997, prohibits the production and use of anti-personnel mines and also obliges signatories to dispose of accumulated stocks of these weapons. Ukraine signed the document in February 1999 and ratified the convention on May 18, 2005. Since then, as part of fulfilling its obligations under the Ottawa Convention, Ukraine has destroyed more than 3 million banned anti-personnel mines. Moreover, Ukraine has not been producing or using anti-personnel mines for a long time, and all the mines inherited from Soviet times are kept under national and international control. At the moment, Ukraine has already destroyed all anti-personnel mines such as PMN, POM-2, POMZ, PMD-6. At the same time, it is Russia and the militants of the "LPNR" groups that actively use prohibited weapons, mining the territory of Donbas. This fact was repeatedly recorded by observers of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 216
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 06/10/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Military exercise, Minsk agreements, Donbas, War in Ukraine
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Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Belarus, colour revolutions and the US presence in Europe. See other examples of pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives in Belarus, such as claims that the EU reaction to Lukashenko’s victory is an example of Western double standards; that the same lack of democracy and repression is present in EU countries that criticize them in Minsk; , and that the Ukrainian secret services may have planned terrorist attacks in Belarusian territory; that the West wants to prepare another Maidan in the country; or that Belarusians, Ukrainians and Russians are one single nation.

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Disproof

This is a conspiracy theory about religion in Ukraine, alleging that the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church is promoting anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine and is a tool of Western occupation of "canonical" territories of the Russian Orthodox church. There is no evidence that the UGCC is pursuing a Russophobic or anti-Orthodox policy. According to the law of Ukraine "On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations", it is one of the religious organisations in Ukraine having equal rights with Orthodox and other churches. It can carry out activities within all territory of Ukraine, including Crimea and Donbas, which are internationally recognised as parts of Ukraine. The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church was established in Ukraine in 1596. Its parishes were located in all major cities from Kyiv to Lviv. The Metropolitan was located in Kyiv until 1806 when, under the pressure from the Russian empire, it was forced to move to Lviv. In 2005, the Metropolitan relocated back to Kyiv. It is based on the principles of peace, trust, mutual understanding, solidarity, and respect. See earlier disinformation narratives alleging that the US State Department is trying to eradicate the Orthodox church, that the US government is trying to eradicate Christianity, and that the Orthodox world splits over the "Ukrainian question".

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Disproof

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the recent escalation of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. There is no confirmed information that Ukrainian nationals are going to take part in the resumed military escalation in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Originally, this information was published on the Telegram channel "Legitimnyi" which, according to the media, is famous for spreading rumours and hoaxes. The Ukrainian Ministry for Foreign Affairs declared that Ukraine supports the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan but calls on the parties to the conflict to resolve the disputes by peaceful means. See other recent disinformation cases on the conflict in the Nagorno-Karabakh region: that the escalation between Armenia and Azerbaijan is directed against Russia, that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict favours US interests, and someone wants to divert Russia from Belarus and Syria, or that the US planned the turmoil in Belarus and the rise of tensions in Nagorno-Karabakh a year ago.