Disinfo: Ukraine was created by Lenin, Stalin, and Khrushchev

Summary

Ukraine as a state emerged precisely during the period of communist rule, starting with Ulyanov (Lenin) (who added Novorossiya to Ukraine), Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (added Western regions of Ukraine), and, finally, Nikita Khrushchev (Crimea).

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative denigrating the history of Ukraine and its statehood.

The history of Ukraine dates back to the era of the Kyivan Rus’ in the 9th-13th centuries. A fully independent Ukraine only emerged in the 20th century, after long periods of successive domination by Poland-Lithuania, Russia, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In the aftermath of World War I and the disintegration of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires two states were created: the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) and the West Ukrainian People's Republic. They merged into a unified state - the Ukrainian People's Republic - on 22 January 1919.

Under Lenin's leadership at the beginning of the 20th century, Ukraine was occupied by the Bolsheviks and for decades was under communist control. When the Soviet Union began to unravel in 1990–91, the legislature of the Ukrainian SSR declared sovereignty (July 16, 1990) and then outright independence (August 24, 1991). With the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991, Ukraine gained full independence.

The EUvsDisinfo database contains other examples of this disinformation narrative, for instance, that Ukraine was created by Vladimir Lenin, that Ukraine was artificially created by the Bolsheviks, that Ukrainian statehood is an inheritance from Soviet Ukraine, or that Ukraine never had independence before joining the Soviet Union.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 266
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/11/2021
  • Article language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukrainian statehood, USSR, Novorossiya, Crimea

Belarus

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It is profitable for Western nations and NATO to keep the Donbas conflict going in order to weaken Russia. The existence of NATO is a constant threat for mankind because the sense of NATO’s existence is to make war and aggression around itself and to enrich its main beneficiaries. It is important to understand that the world’s biggest military and political bloc is based on Russophobia and greed, which inevitably causes conflicts.

Disproof

This is a recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets, claiming that NATO is a hostile military bloc whose main objective is to inflict harm on Russia.

NATO is a defensive alliance, whose primary aims are to maintain peace and safeguard the independence, security and territorial integrity of its members. Moreover, NATO poses no threat to Russia. During the Warsaw summit in July 2016, NATO has made it clear that "The Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia". This was also reaffirmed in the Brussels Summit Communiqué of 14 June 2021.

Disinfo: Poland should stop its anti-Belarusian propaganda and start talks with Lukashenka

Poland has tried to solve the migration crisis by many steps: it has already spent billions on the border wall, declared Belarus as an “aggressor” and created an “amusement park” at the border for celebrities. However, no one thinks about the easiest solution in this situation – it is necessary to go to Minsk and talk. Before starting the talks with Belarus, Poland should liquidate all the centres [and media] involved in the anti-Belarusian propaganda. This step will be beneficial to the reset of bilateral relations and to the situation of the Polish minority in Belarus.

Disproof

Recurring disinformation narrative from pro-Kremlin outlets about the migration situation on the EU-Belarus borders.

The situation was manufactured by Belarus as a response to EU sanctions imposed on the Lukashenka regime for its oppressive measures against the political opposition. There is plenty of evidence that the Belarusian authorities have instigated the ongoing irregular migration flows to the EU borders via Belarus.

Disinfo: NATO exercises violate the key principles of the NATO-Russia Founding Act

NATO military exercises in the Black Sea serve the aspirations of the US and its allies to strengthen the containment policy against Russia. The manoeuvres violate a key part of the Russia-NATO founding act, as NATO pledged not to "move its military infrastructure eastward, on the territory of new members.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about NATO and its military exercises.

The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation and Security between NATO and the Russian Federation, signed in 1997, does not prohibit NATO from moving its military infrastructure eastward, on the territory of its new members.

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