Disinfo: Ukraine was reluctant to achieve peace in Donbas

Summary

Over the last five years, the conflict [in Donbas] has not been resolved not because of the position of the “DPR” and “LPR”, but because of Kyiv’s reluctance to achieve a peaceful settlement.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the Minsk agreements and the War in Ukraine.

Former and current presidents of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko and Volodymyr Zelenskyy, have made it clear that the strategic goal of Ukraine is to achieve peace in Donbas in the shortest possible term. Over the last five years, the Ukrainian government has tried to achieve the complete ceasefire via negotiations in the Minsk and Normandy formats. Ukraine has also proposed to send peacekeeping forces to Donbas.

On 13 October 2019, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy underlined that “ending the war in Donbas” was a priority for the Ukrainian government.

Moreover, recently Ukraine has fulfilled all preparatory steps, such as the withdrawal of troops on three sites, necessary to hold the meeting in the “Normandy format”, scheduled for 9 December 2019.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 175
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 30/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Minsk agreements
  • Outlet: RT Russian
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Poland contributed to the genocide of Christians in the Middle East

The present-day Polish politicians criticising the Red Army’s soldiers, evade responsibility for participating in wars in the Middle East, which destroys peace in that region. The politicians of the Law and Justice Party denying the Red Army’s role in the fight against Hitler can be burdened with guilt for the wars in the Middle East, supporting the USA and NATO. In the future, Poland may have to compensate military damage to countries such as Iraq. Poland has contributed to the genocide of Christians taking place in the Middle East as a consequence of the wars in this region carried out with the participation of the USA and NATO.

Disproof

This message includes two separate disinformation narratives. The first narrative is part of the Kremlin’s policy of historical revisionism (accusing Poland of falsifying and re-writing its history as it states that the USSR and the Red Army occupied this country at the end of WWII). The second narrative includes various anti-US and anti-NATO conspiracy claims, accusing them of committing various crimes and atrocities all over the World.

According to official Polish historical policy, opinions of mainstream Polish historians and attitudes of a predominant part of the Polish society, the Red Army occupied Poland in 1944-45, causing the undemocratic establishment of Communist Poland.

Russia is not mentioned in Minsk Agreements

Sanctions against Russia were imposed under the pretext of the events in Ukraine. The West says, if Russia wants the EU to lift sanctions, it should fulfill the Minsk agreements. But Russia is not mentioned in the agreement. Russia is the member of Normandy Four, which formed the framework of the Minsk agreement.

Disproof

A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Ukraine and the Minsk agreements. Also consistent with the narrative about the US global role.

The narrative claims that Russia is not part of the conflict in Donbas and that Russia has nothing to do with the war in eastern Ukraine.

The West fights the Russian World: Ukraine is under control, Belarus as a target

In a more confined sense, the Russian World consists of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, three nations belonging to Russian people. In a wider sense, the Russian world is the whole post-Soviet space and largely the past USSR allies. Without integration in humanitarian and political spheres, economic integration between Belarus and Russia will not be durable. Belarusian opposition financed by the West does everything to tear apart Belarus from Russia. This has already been done in Ukraine-Russia relations. Ukraine is externally governed by the US and the West, Ukrainians are used to fight Russia. Hence they struck in the Russian Words’ heart. The Western governments are imposing their rules all over the world through colour revolutions.

The Belarusian authorities should legally challenge all activists who do not advocate for the Union State between Belarus and Russia and serve the interests of the US and the West instead. In doing so, concerns of the so-called international community should be disregarded. The Western countries should revoke their Russophobic and anti-Soviet legislation first. Belarus should also introduce the “foreign agent” concept just as Russia did.

Disproof

This case is an illustrative example of recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about the all-Russian nation and Russian world/civilization. The "all-Russian nation" is an imperial Russian and Russian irredentist ideology that is a favoured pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at weakening the national identity of Belarusians and Ukrainians, as well as their sovereignty. It also puts forward recurring propagandistic narratives about Western attempts to organise a colour revolution in Belarus and elsewhere, Ukraine as an anti-Russian tool under external control, Western attempts to disrupt Belarusian-Russian relations, and Western aggressiveness towards Belarus and Russia.

Belarus and Ukraine are well-defined nation-states with a long history; both nations preserved language, literature and identity, despite foreign rule for long periods. The West does not aim at tearing Belarus from Russia nor at organizing a colour revolution in Belarus. Ukraine is a sovereign state, not controlled by any foreign government. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world, including the EU, but has been continuously violated by Russia since February 2014. The EU and the US continue to provide support to Ukraine. Ukraine is regarded as an important partner in economic, financial, political, military and other sectors. See more about Europe's support to Ukraine's defence reform here.