Ukraine’s claims regarding the Kerch Strait are not adequate

Summary

Ukraine’s claims regarding the Kerch Strait presented in the International Sea Tribunal are not adequate. The issue of authority over Crimea as an integral part of Russian Federation and Crimea-adjacent sea territories essentially cannot be subject of any court proceedings.

 

Disproof

A recurring narrative on the Kerch Strait and Crimea.

The use of the Kerch Strait and the Sea of Azov is regulated by a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004. According to the document, the Sea of Azov is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg announced its decision on the Kerch Strait incident on 25 May. It 'has ruled that Russia must “immediately” release 24 Ukrainian sailors and three Ukrainian naval vessels captured by Russia in November'. Representatives of Russia vowed not to show up at the initial hearing.

As for Crimea being part of Russia, no international body recognises the so-called referendum held on the 16th of March 2014. On the 27th of March 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which stated that the referendum in Crimea was not valid and could not serve as a basis for any change in the status of the peninsula. Five years on, the EU re-affirmed its support for Ukraine's territorial integrity.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 153
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 10/05/2019
  • Language/target audience: Polish
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Territorial dispute, Azov sea, Kerch, Crimea
  • Outlet: Sputnik Polska
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Belarus and other peoples of Northern Eurasia are part of the Russian World

The Roman empire died because of internal decay, when material benefits were placed at the top of empire’s development agenda. Similarly, the Union State between Russia and Belarus cannot exist with a sole purpose of raising the well-being of its citizens. It needs the unifying idea, and that is that Russia and Belarus are part of Russian civilization, the Russian World, which has fairness as one of its underlying principles. The Russian World is intended to gather other peoples of Northern Eurasia around the eastern Slavic core. Northern Eurasia peoples are those who were involved in building the Russian empire and the USSR.

Disproof

The Russian World ('Russkiy Mir') concept is closely linked with an an imperial Russian and Russian irredentist ideology of "all-Russian nation", a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative aimed at weakening the national identity of Belarusians and Ukrainians as well as their sovereignty.

Earlier cases alleging that Belarusians are part of Russian people can be found here and here,  whereas other examples of pro-Kremlin disinformation outlets' attempts to question the Ukrainian nation can be seen here and here.

Western Europe is a subordinate to the Anglo-Saxon world, which is dominated by the US.

The world consists of a number of competing civilisations. Western Europe is a Germanic-Roman civilisation which is, at present, subordinate to the Anglo-Saxon one. The latter is dominated by the US. Germany is fed up with this situation and lately has been attempting, unsuccessfully, to break free from the Anglo-Saxon chains.

Disproof

This message is a conspiracy consistent with one of the most common pro-Kremlin narratives alleging that certain countries are no longer truly sovereign.

Germany and the US have close partner relations as two sovereign and independent countries.

There are more than 4 million refugees in Germany

About 3 million Afghan refugees are stuck in Iran. Tehran with the great effort delays them, not allowing to continue their way further to Germany or France. If the Afghans succeed in entering Europe, Germany will be doomed. There are already more than 4 million refugees (mainly from Syria). And France is not in the best shape although there are not so many migrants there.But the situation in North Africa shows that Paris will still be weeping because of this problem.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the migration crisis in Europe.

Exaggerated and unproven information on 4 million refugees in Germany. No evidence or reliable sources given. During 2015 and 2016, Germany admitted more than one million persons seeking protection. Germany reported the largest total number of immigrants (917.1 thousand) in 2017. According to a recent (February 2019) factsheet from the UNHCR (the UN Refugee Agency), the number of refugees in Germany is 1,4 million.