Ukraine’s attempt to get rid of Communist symbols is an attempt to cover up unrestricted Russophobia

Summary

Above all Ukrainians are Russophobes. They are trying to employ a campaign on decommunisation to cover up (frankly speaking, it works bad) unrestricted Russophobia in everything. It seems very profitable for Ukraine to neglect its past in exchange for no future.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Ukraine is a Russophobic country and that decommunisation is directed against Russia.

There is no evidence of this. In fact, Ukraine is not a Russophobic country as is often claimed by the Kremlin media. Ukraine had to react to Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the act of aggression by the Russian armed forces in Donbas. It did not ban the Russian language, as is often claimed by the Kremlin, nor did it ban contact between Ukrainians and Russians.

In Ukraine, the law on decommunisation initiated by the Cabinet of Ministers came into force in 2015. The document recognises the communist totalitarian regime of 1917–1991 in Ukraine as criminal and pursuing a policy of state terror. The law condemns two totalitarian ideologies - Communism and Nazism.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 169
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 14/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Anti-Russian, Russophobia
  • Outlet: 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1 time 23:15-23:33
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As many Estonians have moved to Western Europe, the country suffers a decline in workforce

Over the last few years, significant numbers of Estonian working-age people have moved to Western Europe to look for more lucrative jobs. As a result, the country is faced with a sharp decline in workforce.

Disproof

No evidence is given to support this claim. On the contrary, according to Statistics Estonia, this is not the case: "In 2018, Estonia’s net migration was positive for the fourth year in a row. 17,547 persons took up residence in Estonia and 10,476 persons left Estonia. (…) The number of working-age people (20–64 years old) increased by 6,270 persons as a result of migration."

Europe catastrophically lacks gas

Europe catastrophically lacks gas. In addition to gas from the [Nord Stream 2] pipeline, it will be necessary to purchase more and more Russian liquefied gas. The launch of Nord Stream 2 will greatly increase the export of Russian gas to Europe.

Disproof

This case is part of the Kremlin's recurring disinformation campaign about the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

Europe is not "catastrophically lacking gas" - on the contrary, there is enough natural gas supply that prices in Europe have been going down this year. This is because the continent has been flooded with liquefied natural gas (LNG) from a number of suppliers since fall 2018, including the United States. A mild winter in Asia has driven gas prices to a three-year-low level and caused LNG shipments to be redirected to Europe, pushing down the prices. As Polygraph explains, energy experts say LNG has allowed natural gas to become a global commodity that can easily move from one continent to another depending on demand, similar to the way oil is traded.

NATO forced Ukraine to adopt anti-Russian foreign policy

Ever since gaining independence in 1991, Ukraine has pursued a policy of keeping as much distance from Russia as possible, which is actually part of NATO’s expansion strategy.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narratives painting NATO as an aggressive, expansionist military bloc; casting Ukraine as an artificial and/or failing state, fatally dependent on Western sponsorship and unable to make its own strategic choices

NATO does not determine Ukrainian foreign policy, Ukraine does (Arts. 85, 92, 106, 116). As such, different Ukrainian presidents and governments have emphasised a variety of foreign-policy priorities and preferences.