Ukrainian language does not exist, it is a dialect of Russian

Summary

The law on the Ukrainian language regulates a language that is simply a dialect of Russian.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the existence of a separate Ukrainian language and the language law.

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language and the official state language of Ukraine. It is one out of 20 Slavic languages.

Linguists trace the origin of the Ukrainian language to the Old Slavic language of the early medieval state of Kievan Rus'. The Modern Ukrainian language has been in common use since the late 17th century.

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, modern literary Ukrainian emerged out of the colloquial Ukrainian tongue at the end of XVIII century.

Attacking the Ukrainian language is one of the recurring topics of pro-Kremlin propaganda. Similar examples can be found here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 160
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 19/07/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Russia, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukrainian statehood
  • Outlet: REN TV
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Euromaidan protests were orchestrated by the U.S. and other Western countries

The West had been preparing participants of Euromaidan since May 2013. Throughout 2013, Western countries were preparing the population for a turn towards the West. The U.S. Embassy in Kyiv has been training activists since spring 2013 on how to use social networks to organise protests. The British Embassy launched a communications strategy in early 2013 aimed at encouraging Ukrainians to join the EU and to sign the Association Agreement.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative claiming that Euromaidan was a coup d’état, organised by the US and other Western states.

The protest movement known as Euromaidan, which lasted from the end of November 2013 until the end of February 2014, was a spontaneous uprising of the Ukrainian people, not a coup d’état.

Mystery of the downing of MH17 remains unsolved

The mystery of the crash of the Boeing 777 of Malaysia Airlines remains unsolved.

The international investigation led by the Netherlands continues and Russia denounces it as biased, accusing investigators of neglecting the evidence it provides. In autumn 2016, the Russian aeronautical authority, Rosaviatsia, provided radar data showing that no missiles had been launched from the rebel-held areas on the day of the crash. The Dutch said that the Russian radar was unable to locate a relatively small object the size of a missile. In response, Oleg Stortchevoy, head of Rosaviatsia, rejected this claim, adding that the radar station could detect objects much smaller than a BUK missile. In September 2018, the Russian Ministry of Defence held a press conference presenting documents demonstrating that the missile at the origin of the tragedy belonged to Ukraine and was produced in 1986. Russia claimed to have been able to reconstruct the history of the missile with serial number 8868720. It was produced in a factory in the Moscow region in 1986, before being delivered to a Ukrainian military unit, according to documents submitted by the Russian Defence.

Ukraine, which had decided not to close its airspace in a conflict region, escapes international condemnation.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about the downing of the MH17.

Regarding the Russian version of events, the claims by Buk manufacturer Almaz-Antey were debunked already in 2015 by Bellingcat. The evidence conducted by the Russian military company Almaz-Antey is only a small sample of misleading claims and conspiracy theories advanced by Moscow since 2015, many of which have contradicted one another. See previous debunking of these claims here, here, and here, and a summary of disinformation narratives on this case here.

There are no Russian ground troops in Syria

The Russian army has never sent any ground troops, and hence no special units to Syria. The article by Reuters about alleged involvement of Russian ground forces and special units in the province of Idlib is an absolute lie. Only observation troops of the Russian military police are positioned in Idlib.


                            
Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative claiming that Russian ground troops are not active in Syria.

There is a wide spectrum of evidence disproving this claim: