Ukrainian language law prohibits use of Russian, Hungarian, Romanian languages

Summary

This law is not about protecting the Ukrainian languages, but about prohibiting Russian language, and at the same time Hungarian, Romanian and other minority languages. This law divided the population, as was the intention of previous authorities.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukrainian language law.

The Verkhovna Rada passed, on April 25, the law "on ensuring the functioning of the Ukrainian language as a state language". The law establishes mandatory use of the Ukrainian language in most areas of public and communal life, including the mass media, education, science, etc.

However, the law does not forbid the use of Russian or other languages in private communication and religious ceremonies.  Moreover, Russian and other languages can be present in book publishing, the press, including radio and television, education and the service sector. The law allows the use of other languages in the healthcare system and in law enforcement.

In addition to this, the law stipulates that in accordance with the European Charter for Regional Languages and Languages of National Minorities, the government should develop a law safeguarding language-rights of the minorities within six months of the language law entering into force.

Similar disinformation cases are here and here.

 

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 154
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/06/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian, Ukrainian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Russian language
  • Outlet: 112 Ukraina (0:10-0:36)
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Ukraine wants to restart the war in Donbas

Ukrainian authorities do everything to restart the war in Donbas.  Because of this policy, the residents of the Donetsk People’s Republic and Ukrainians suffer. Kyiv is trying to kill everyone, even its own citizens and others. The war has not been stopped, the agreements have not been respected, civilians continue to die.

Disproof

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine.

The Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine has been reporting about ceasefire violations in Donetsk and Luhansk regions on a daily basis for the last five years. It has been documenting acts of aggression since the start of the war in April 2014. However, comparing to the previous years, in 2019, and especially between 9-16 of June, 2019, the Mission recorded fewer ceasefire violations.

Kyiv will take property from residents of Donbas

Donbas residents who have received Russian citizenship will be deprived of their property in Ukraine. Kyiv continues to incite ethnic strife between countries and denounce residents of Donbas as second-class citizens.

Disproof

This is a standard pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Donbas. More similar cases here.

Yes, dual citizenship in Ukraine is prohibited: when a Ukrainian obtains the passport of another state, their Ukrainian citizenship can be cancelled. However, after the annexation of Crimea and the Russian occupation of parts of Donbas, Kyiv adopted a law that protects Ukrainians living in these regions.

US will give Ukraine $250 million for war and provocations against Russia

The United States will give Ukraine a quarter billion dollars for the war in Donbas. Next year, the Pentagon intends to use Ukraine as a military buffer between the United States and Russia and intends to turn Ukraine into a provocateur of Russia. The United States will never wage war against Russia, but they sell weapons to others to fight it, and Ukraine is an example of this.

Disproof

This is a Kremlin narrative claiming that Ukraine, the United States and the European Union are provoking Russia.

According to the bill on the US military budget for 2020, the US government really intends to provide Ukraine with $250 million to improve the defence sector.  However, this money will not go to the “war in Donbas”, but to the security and intelligence support areas.