Disinfo: US and Europe legitimised coup d’etat in Ukraine in 2014

Summary

None of them [the leaders of the protests on the Maidan] would have gone for a coup if the United States together with Europe had not given them guarantees of the legitimisation of their power. They attacked Yanukovych after they were given guarantees that they would be recognised as the representatives of the new government.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative painting the 2013-14 protests in Kyiv as a coup orchestrated by the West.

There was no coup in Ukraine six years ago. The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were not provoked or legitimised from outside but were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last-minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU as a result of Russian pressure. The protesters' demands included constitutional reform, a stronger role for parliament, formation of a government of national unity, an end to corruption, early presidential elections and an end to violence.

The West did not interfere in Ukraine in 2014. Ukraine is a sovereign state. Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected by almost the whole world, including the EU. The EU and the US work closely with Ukraine and support the democratic development of Ukraine in accordance with the UN Charter’s principles of non-interference into internal affairs and respect towards territorial integrity and political independence.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 175
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 22/11/2019
  • Language/target audience: Russian
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Keywords: Ukraine, Colour revolutions, Euromaidan
  • Outlet: 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1 time 22:50-23:11
see more

Ukraine does not fulfil key point of Minsk agreements on negotiations with “LDNR”

The Ukrainian government does not fulfil the key requirement of the Minsk agreements on direct negotiations with the leadership of the LNR and the DNR.

Disproof

This is a common Kremlin narrative that Ukraine refuses to implement the Minsk agreements.

Since 2014, negotiations with Russia to resolve the conflict in the Donbas have been held within the framework of the Normandy format and the Minsk process. A special Trilateral contact group is working on a peaceful settlement of the situation in Donbas. Three parties are involved in this process: representatives of Ukraine, Russia and the OSCE. Unofficially, representatives of the "LDNR" factions are also present.

US sponsored Maidan in Ukraine in 2014

In the United States, it was confirmed that Washington participated in the preparation of the Euromaidan in Ukraine in 2014. Former Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland said $5 billion was spent preparing the Revolution.

Disproof

This is a recurring narrative that Ukraine is influenced by the West, and Maidan in 2014 was a coup d'etat, planned by the West.

This is about a statement by former US Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland in late 2013, in the midst of the Dignity Revolution in Ukraine (video from 07:27). Then she said that the United States has invested $5 billion in more than 20 years to develop democratic processes and reforms in Ukraine. The diplomat said that this is the total amount of assistance that Washington has allocated to Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Money was allocated for fair elections, to fight corruption and to develop the energy sector. Victoria Nuland later frequently repeated these theses, including in various interviews. 

In 2018, Ukrainian ships deliberately violated Russian border in the Kerch strait

[In 2018] three ships, Nikopol, Berdyansk and Yany-Kapu, deliberately violated the borders of the Russian Federation in the area of the Kerch Strait.

Disproof

This is a part of recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation on the Kerch incident.

On 25 November 2018, border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tugboat and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen and arresting 24 members.