Disinfo: US and European countries ousted Gaddafi and killed him


As the Arab Spring spread to Libya, the United States and its European allies took advantage of Gaddafi’s weakness and organised his overthrow to kill him.


A recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the US and some European countries have destabilised Libya which led to the killing of the country’s former President to advance geopolitical goals. See a previous case and also recent Polygraph article "Did NATO Cause the Crisis in Libya"?

On the 8th of March, the US State Department denied the reports that the United States would arm opposition groups and has clearly stated that "Arming the Libyan opposition would be ‘illegal’", stressing the need to maintain the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970, which imposed international sanctions on Libya including an arms embargo, that applied to both the Gaddafi regime and the rebel groups.

On the 17th of March, the Security Council at the United Nations adopted Resolution 1973 that formed the legal basis for military intervention in the Libyan Civil War, demanding "an immediate ceasefire" and authorising the international community to establish a no-fly zone to protect civilians, after the escalation of violence, and the heavy civilian casualties, along with the deteriorating situation in the country.

See previous cases with the same narrative mentioning regime changes in Belarus, Asian countries, Venezuela.


  • Reported in: Issue 161
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 14/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: Arabic
  • Country: Libya, US
  • Keywords: North Africa, Arab Spring, Europe
  • Outlet: RT Arabic
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US destroyed INF treaty thus threatening global security

The US became the grave digger of the INF Treaty. The US’s decision leads to negative developments in the whole architecture of global security and strategic stability.


Russia made every effort to preserve the INF Treaty and to bring the Americans into a constructive conversation.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the INF Treaty.

Russia bears primary responsibility for the end of the INF Treaty, because it has produced, tested and deployed the 9M729 missile, which violates the agreement. In July 2014, the then-US President Obama officially accused Russia of testing a missile in violation of the INF Treaty, which prohibits the US or Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a range of between 500 and 5500 kilometres.

South Ossetia’ authorities link atypical plant and animal diseases to Lugar Lab

The activities of the Richard Lugar Public Healthcare Research Centre in Tbilisi are to blame for the cases of African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV), nodular prurigo, and the brown marmorated stink bug in South Ossetia.


Long-lasting conspiracy theories about the Lugar Laboratory. Pro-Kremlin disinformation has been disseminating conspiracies about the work of the Lugar Laboratory for years, claiming that it spreads dangerous viruses and exports them to Russia.

For the diseases to spread from the Lugar Laboratory to the occupied territories of Georgia, the outbreaks should have first been recorded in Tbilisi, within the functionality area of the lab.

Young people leave the Baltic states. The empty territory will be used either for NATO bases or to home migrants

Unemployment prompts young people to leave the Baltic states. As a result, the UN has already put Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia on the list of countries which may become depopulated in the coming decades. NATO will deploy its bases on the depopulated territories of the Baltics, or they may become a shelter for Asian and African migrants.


Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative that the Baltic states are disappearing due to declining demographics. Sputnik's claim contains several disinformation statements and conspiracy theories.

  1. The UN reports do not include any list of endangered countries. According to the UN data booklet on world population prospects, the population of the Baltic states will decline in 2050 and 2100, but they are far from “extinction.” The tendency of population decline has been observed in Eastern Europe, as well as in other parts of the world.
  2. According to Eurostat data, the unemployment rate, as well as the youth unemployment rate decreased in Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia in 2005-2018.
  3. Two open questions at the end of the video that NATO will deploy its military bases on the depopulated territory of the Baltic States or that these territories may be used to home Asian and African migrants are conspiracy theories.

See more here and similar disinformation narratives here.