Disinfo: US brought Poroshenko to power via armed coup

Summary

In 2014, the US brought Ukrainian President Poroshenko to power by way of an armed coup.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative painting the 2013-14 events in Ukraine as a Western-backed coup, and casting the country as a failing state incapable of making its own domestic or foreign-policy choices. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of numerous parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the promised Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. See the full debunk here. Petro Poroshenko won the presidency in a free and transparent nationwide poll, as reported by the OSCE. The only parts of Ukraine where voters were barred from participating in the election were Crimea (then recently annexed and occupied by Russia) and parts of the Donbas (occupied by Moscow-backed armed groups) (ibid., pp. 5-6).

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 162
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 30/08/2019
  • Language/target audience: English
  • Country: US, Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: European Union, Encircling Russia, US presence in Europe, Europe, Petro Poroshenko, Coup
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Ukrainian children learn how to make war in the Baltic States

The Lithuanian Rifle Union teaches guerrilla warfare to children of Ukrainian soldiers. In the Baltic states children are being prepared for war, as if to replace their fathers. It’s not normal. And the authorities of the Baltic countries and Ukraine continue to call Russia the aggressor.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative portraying Russia as being encircled by enemies. Established in 1919, the Lithuanian Riflemen's Union is a state-supported volunteer paramilitary public organization, with over 11,000 members. It seeks to develop self-confident, creative, motivated and disciplined citizens of the Republic of Lithuania ready to defend their homeland and help others in case of need. The organisation traditionally hosts education and cultural summer camps for young people from different countries. In August 2019, such a camp was held for Ukrainian and Lithuanian children. 10 children came from the Luhansk region, another 20 were children of the soldiers from the 30th Brigade of the Ukrainian army, according to the press release. The camp was not preparing children for war. Rather they engaged in educational activities, trips to major cities of Lithuania, visited adventure and amusement parks. See more cases about the alleged militarism of the Baltic States.

Ukraine does not pay fees to the CIS and is in no hurry to leave the Commonwealth

Since 2014, Ukraine has not paid contributions to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and does not have a representative there, but at the same time retains a number of agreements and participates in the work of industry cooperation bodies. Representatives of the Russian Foreign Ministry declared that the debt of Ukraine to the CIS exceeds 300 million rubles. Kyiv has not yet decided whether to repay the debt.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine and the Commonwealth of Independent States. In the legal sense, Ukraine is not a member state of the community, since it did not sign the CIS Statute in 1993, but has the status of a founding state and a CIS participant state. The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry denied the statement of debt. In February 2019, the Ukrainian Ambassador to Belarus, Igor Kizim, announced that Ukraine had completed the process of withdrawing from the CIS coordinating bodies and was working to end its participation in agreements concluded within the Commonwealth.

The high school media literacy course in Moldova aims to remove all Russian information from the information space of the country

The problem is that there are too many similar initiatives in our country that […] have only one goal: to suppress all the information coming from Russia from the information field and replace it with their own, to make people consume only one information product and build their understanding of the world only in accordance with it.

Disproof

Recurring disinformation narratives claiming that in many states, including countries of the former Soviet Union, Russian media are restricted and discriminated against, which is a violation of freedom of speech, and that every initiative to promote media pluralism or media literacy is directed against Russian media. Similar cases can be seen here. The curriculum for Media Education (optional subject for upper secondary education, grades X-XI), approved by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Research of Moldova on 20 August 2019, was developed by the Independent Center of Journalism with the support of Internews. This school subject exists in many European countries, such as Germany, Sweden, France etc., according to EACEA (Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency of EU). The media education course referred to aims to teach students about the role and power of the media in a democratic society, to ”decode” media messages, to analyse media content critically, to be aware of the dangers online by adopting responsible behavior and to become responsible media creators, as is mentioned in the Curriculum for VII-VIII degree, adopted in 2018 by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Research of the Republic of Moldova. The media literacy course as an optional subject has been taught in the Republic of Moldova since 2017 (primary and lower secondary school).