The US is attempting to split Syria and create a quasi-state on the east bank of the Euphrates River because Washington opposes the return of Syria’s north-east to the Syrian government. US plans to transfer control in Syria’s buffer zone are illegitimate. Also, Washington prohibits its allies from investing in the redevelopment of other liberated parts of Syria, now controlled by the Syrian government.
The US supports the unity and territorial integrity of Syria, as well as a political solution to the conflict, led by the UN process in Geneva that includes constitutional reform, UN-supervised elections, and compliance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254.
In 2017, the EU, together with ministers of Canada, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, the UK, and the US emphasised that recovery and reconstruction support for Syria hinges on a credible political process leading to a genuine political transition that can be supported by a majority of the Syrian people.
€10m was also made available by the EU in 2018 to enable demining in liberated areas. This demining work is intended to make infrastructure and land safe for use once again, and also includes mine risk education for local populations, for returnees, and for displaced people.