Disinfo: The US government silenced hackers that threatened to expose its involvement in 9/11


In the last days of 2018, the hacker group known as “The Dark Overlord” announced that it had stolen thousands of documents proving the involvement of the US government in the 9/11 attacks, in exchange for which they requested 2 million dollars. After not receiving the payment, they crowdfunded and published the first two batches of documents. But nothing else has been heard from The Dark Overlord for more than a month, so there are two options: either they got the money from the US government, or they were silenced by other means.


This is a conspiracy theory, presented without any evidence as an "analysis".

It relays a recurring narrative that suggests US government involvement in the 9/11 attacks; an unfounded claim that has been extensively refuted. In this case, baseless speculation adds a new layer to the conspiracy, with claims that US authorities may have somehow 'dealt' with people who intended to expose evidence of such involvement.

You can see other examples of this narrative here, here and here.


  • Reported in: Issue 138
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 21/02/2019
  • Language/target audience: Spanish, Castilian
  • Country: US
  • Keywords: 9/11, Cyber, Conspiracy
  • Outlet: Sputnik Spanish
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A unit of female snipers from the Baltic States has arrived in Donbas

A group of female snipers from the Baltic states has arrived in Donbas.


No evidence given.

Disinformation about foreign mercenaries in Ukraine has been appearing in disinformation outlets since 2015. In some cases, these were allegedly Baltic snipers, while in others they were snipers from Georgia, female snipers from Poland, and even a whole NATO brigade.

This narrative seeks to suggest that EU Member States pose a threat to their neighbours.

EU countries, including the Baltic States, condemn Russia's aggression in Ukraine, as clearly expressed in numerous resolutions and decisions on sanctions for this aggression.

The presence of female snipers from the Baltic states has been something of an urban legend in Russian military folklore for several years, beginning as early as during the Russian occupation of Afghanistan in the early 1980s.