US plans to create a Kurdish independent state were thwarted by Russia and Turkey

Summary

Russian and Turkish presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Sochi to sign a memorandum about Syria after intense negotiations. The provisions include the deployment of Russian-Syrian forces on the territories previously controlled by the US and Kurdish militias. This historical agreement will put an end to the US attempts to implement a ‘Great Kurdistan’, the creation of a Kurdish independent state on Turkey’s borders.

Disproof

The allegations about a US plan to create a ‘Great Kurdistan’ are a conspiracy theory with zero evidence to back it.

There is a long-established conspiracist mindset in Turkey called ‘the Sèvres Syndrome’, well known to political scientists and Turkish observators, which tends to think that Western powers are always plotting to divide Turkey as they did in the Sèvres Treaty in 1920, sometimes allegedly using minorities as a spearhead. One of its most recent expressions is the idea that the West is promoting Kurdish separatism as a way to weaken a resurgent Turkey, a belief reinforced by the support provided by the US military to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Syria. One survey conducted in 2018 showed that “ninety percent [of participants] said that the United States was behind the PKK and YPG [Kurdish armed groups in Turkey and Syria]”.

This fits into the recurrent Russian disinformation narrative of Western powers promoting secessionism to weaken other countries, such as Russia, Ukraine, Syria, Belarus, Venezuela or Mexico.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 171
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Spanish, Castilian
  • Country: Russia, United States, Turkey, Syria
  • Keywords: Kurdistan, Territorial dispute
  • Outlet: Sputnik Mundo
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Poland is losing its independence

The Polish government is submissive not only to its main ally (or even a hegemon) – the United States but also to much smaller countries such as Israel. The evidence for this statement is the recent anti-Iranian conference in Warsaw, which was in reality organized by the USA and Israel. Polish independence is weakening, or it has already been completely liquidated.

Disproof

A common pro-Kremlin narrative on the “lost sovereignty” - in the case of Poland, this country is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States. The statement that Poland is submissive to the will of the United States or other countries (Israel) is a conspiracy theory. Poland is a sovereign state, which shapes its own foreign and domestic policies.

The Middle East conference in Warsaw took place on February 13-14, 2019 - it was officially organized by Poland and the United States. This event united 43 official delegations (mainly, from the countries of the European Union, Middle East, Middle Asia and North Africa). The main official issues of this conference were terrorism and extremism, missile development and proliferation, maritime trade and security, and threats posed by proxy groups across the Middle East.

The Polish politicians care about Ukraine only if it continues harming Russia

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Disproof

This message is a pro-Kremlin narrative on the “Russophobic elites”, which promote their anti-Russian policies with all available tools. In this case, the Polish elite allegedly uses the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine in order to weaken Russia and promote anti-Russian policies. See other examples of this message claiming that the elites in Europe are Russophobic, that anything that's bad for Russia is good for Polish elites and that Washington has designed a plan to rob Europe.

The Polish government has repeatedly shown its full support to solving the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the complete restoration of territorial integrity of Ukraine. See other examples of disinformation on the Polish-Ukrainian relations claiming Polish policy towards Ukraine is shaped by the Americans, Ukrainian arms flood into Poland and that Poland wants to dismember Ukraine.

Protests against Evo Morales in Bolivia are part of a US-funded coup

Bolivia’s opposition entered a putschist phase against president Evo Morales. The ongoing coup is financed by the US, who learnt from previous experiences on how to make their moves, sustaining a narrative against the government and empowering local actors, which are heavily funded for their trips around the territory.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory. No evidence is provided to support the claim.

This is part of a recurrent disinformation narrative about US-led regime change operations against left wing governments in Latin America. You can see other examples of this, such as the alleged presence of a US marine in the Venezuelan barricades and the promotion of a Ukraine-style 'colour revolution', the training of Venezuelan exiles in Guyana for military operations inside the country, preparations for a military intervention after forcing Brazil to join NATO, deliberate blackouts in South America caused by the US, or the existence of plans for the secession of oil-rich regions in both Venezuela and Mexico.