US plans to create a Kurdish independent state were thwarted by Russia and Turkey

Summary

Russian and Turkish presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan met in Sochi to sign a memorandum about Syria after intense negotiations. The provisions include the deployment of Russian-Syrian forces on the territories previously controlled by the US and Kurdish militias. This historical agreement will put an end to the US attempts to implement a ‘Great Kurdistan’, the creation of a Kurdish independent state on Turkey’s borders.

Disproof

The allegations about a US plan to create a ‘Great Kurdistan’ are a conspiracy theory with zero evidence to back it.

There is a long-established conspiracist mindset in Turkey called ‘the Sèvres Syndrome’, well known to political scientists and Turkish observators, which tends to think that Western powers are always plotting to divide Turkey as they did in the Sèvres Treaty in 1920, sometimes allegedly using minorities as a spearhead. One of its most recent expressions is the idea that the West is promoting Kurdish separatism as a way to weaken a resurgent Turkey, a belief reinforced by the support provided by the US military to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Syria. One survey conducted in 2018 showed that “ninety percent [of participants] said that the United States was behind the PKK and YPG [Kurdish armed groups in Turkey and Syria]”.

This fits into the recurrent Russian disinformation narrative of Western powers promoting secessionism to weaken other countries, such as Russia, Ukraine, Syria, Belarus, Venezuela or Mexico.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 171
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 23/10/2019
  • Language/target audience: Spanish, Castilian
  • Country: Russia, United States, Turkey, Syria
  • Keywords: Kurdistan, Territorial dispute
  • Outlet: Sputnik Mundo
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Bombings of Yugoslavia killed between 1200 and 2500 civilians

The bombing of Yugoslavia was NATO’s first combat mission without the approval of the UN Security Council. According to various estimates, between 1200 and 2500 people were killed, including 89 children. 12,500 civilians were injured. 148 houses and 62 bridges were destroyed. About 300 schools, hospitals and state institutions, as well as 176 cultural monuments, were damaged.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the number of civilian casualties of NATO bombingdebunked by Polygraph, and war in former Yugoslavia, aiming to portray NATO's bombing in Yugoslavia as more devastating and to demonise NATO's actions during the Yugoslav war.

The Sputnik article presents no source of the quoted number of killed civilians. According to the Humanitarian Law Center, in Serbia (excluding Kosovo) and Montenegro, 275 persons lost their lives in the NATO bombings: 180 civilians, 90 members of the Yugoslav Armed Forces and five members of the Ministry of Interior of Serbia. In Kosovo, 484 people were killed: 267 civilians (209 Albanian and 58 non-Albanian), 171 members of the YA, 20 members of the Serbian MUP and 26 members of the KLA (19 of whom died in the NATO bombing of the Dubrava prison, near Istok).

Poland is losing its independence

The Polish government is submissive not only to its main ally (or even a hegemon) – the United States but also to much smaller countries such as Israel. The evidence for this statement is the recent anti-Iranian conference in Warsaw, which was in reality organized by the USA and Israel. Polish independence is weakening, or it has already been completely liquidated.

Disproof

A common pro-Kremlin narrative on the “lost sovereignty” - in the case of Poland, this country is often presented as a “puppet-state” of the United States. The statement that Poland is submissive to the will of the United States or other countries (Israel) is a conspiracy theory. Poland is a sovereign state, which shapes its own foreign and domestic policies.

The Middle East conference in Warsaw took place on February 13-14, 2019 - it was officially organized by Poland and the United States. This event united 43 official delegations (mainly, from the countries of the European Union, Middle East, Middle Asia and North Africa). The main official issues of this conference were terrorism and extremism, missile development and proliferation, maritime trade and security, and threats posed by proxy groups across the Middle East.

The Polish politicians care about Ukraine only if it continues harming Russia

Poland does not care about the peace in Eastern Ukraine, or in the East in general, nor about the well-being of the Ukrainians. The Polish politicians, thinking in the anti-Russian categories, perceive Ukraine as an important issue only if it harms Russia. Otherwise, if Ukraine stops harming Russia, the Polish politicians and publicists lose their interest in this country.

Disproof

This message is a pro-Kremlin narrative on the “Russophobic elites”, which promote their anti-Russian policies with all available tools. In this case, the Polish elite allegedly uses the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine in order to weaken Russia and promote anti-Russian policies. See other examples of this message claiming that the elites in Europe are Russophobic, that anything that's bad for Russia is good for Polish elites and that Washington has designed a plan to rob Europe.

The Polish government has repeatedly shown its full support to solving the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the complete restoration of territorial integrity of Ukraine. See other examples of disinformation on the Polish-Ukrainian relations claiming Polish policy towards Ukraine is shaped by the Americans, Ukrainian arms flood into Poland and that Poland wants to dismember Ukraine.