Disinfo: USS McCain's breach into Russian waters is a provocation of the United States

Summary

USS McCain, a naval destroyer of the United States Naval Forces attempted to reach Russian waters two kilometers off to the coast of Japan.

Disproof

Disinformation around aggressive military moves against peaceful Russia. USS John McCain mentioned in the article was performing what the US Navy describes as a freedom of navigation operation, or FONOP, in the vicinity of Peter the Great Gulf, which Russia claims as Russian territorial waters, but that the United States considers international waters.

According to the US Naval Forces, in 1984, the USSR declared a system of straight baselines along its coasts that included a baseline enclosing Peter the Great Gulf as internal waters. Russia has continued making this claim, but the United States contends that it includes more water than the country is entitled to under international law.

The Soviet Union first claimed Peter the Great Bay as a historic bay by a 1957 Decree. The United States protested the claim that same year, as did Japan, the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the Federal Republic of Germany. The 106-mile closing line is, at one point, more than 20 miles from any land territory, and 47 miles seaward from Vladivostok, an important Soviet naval base in the past.

The international law of the sea as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention provides for certain rights and freedoms and other lawful uses of the sea to all nations. The United States upholds these rights and freedoms as a matter of principle to preserve the freedom of the seas that is critical to global security, stability, and prosperity.

"As long as some countries continue to assert maritime claims that are inconsistent with international law as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention and that purport to restrict unlawfully the rights and freedoms enjoyed by all States, the United States will continue to defend the rights and freedoms of the sea guaranteed to all," the US Navy found.

See similar case here.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 225
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 03/12/2020
  • Outlet language(s) Hungarian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: US, Ukraine
  • Keywords: Encircling Russia
see more

The EU must stop suffocating Donbas residents

The EU considers defending human rights one of its main goals worldwide, but it essentially became compliant in suffocating the residents of Donbas. They decided not to recognise the Russian passports issued to locals for humanitarian reasons, as they did with Crimea.

Disproof

Recurring disinformation about the European Union's role in Ukraine.

The European Union is in fact providing support for the most vulnerable people affected by the ongoing hostilities. In April 2020, Commissioner for Crisis Management Janez Lenarcic announced EUR 13 million to support conflict affected population. In October 2020, the EU allocated a further EUR 10 million to "support the most vulnerable people in eastern Ukraine ahead of the upcoming winter and in response to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic."

Genocide invented by Ukraine is "hype, which has no plot"

Ukraine is stubbornly trying to create “hype” on this topic [Holodomor], not noticing that there is no plot for this.

Natural factors played a huge role. In 1932, the El Niño climatic cycle ended and famine was raging throughout the northern hemisphere due to drought and crop failure.

The famine of 1932-33 was not ethnically directed against the Ukrainians.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the Holodomor in Ukraine.

In fact, the Holodomor was not caused by a poor harvest. It was caused by the directed actions of the Soviet authorities - the destruction by famine - against the Ukrainian countryside. In 1932, no critical weather conditions were recorded that could lead to grain shortages and the deaths of more than 7 million people. This year, compared to 1931, less grain was actually harvested (12.8 million tons against 17.7 million tons in 1931). The reason for lower yields was the ill-considered policy of grain procurement: in the villages, there was not enough grain to sow the fields, it was increasingly taken out of the USSR, leaving nothing for sowing. But even that number would be enough to avoid famine if the policy of genocide were not directed.

In Ukraine, it will be forbidden to communicate in Russian from January 2021

From January 16, 2021 it will be necessary to use the state language when ordering a cup of coffee, buying medicine. The so-called “language ombudsman” Taras Kremin underscoredthat from January 16, 2021, the service sector should switch exclusively to the Ukrainian language.

Disproof

This is a recurring pro-Kremlin propaganda narrative about the alleged discrimination of Ukraine's Russian-speaking minority and the country's ubiquitous Russophobia.

This is one in a series of news stories with false and manipulative headlines. The Russian language will not be banned in Ukraine. In Ukraine, service workers must start a conversation in Ukrainian from January 16, 2021, but they can change the language of communication at the request of the client. This is a quote taken out of context by the Commissioner for the Protection of the State Language Taras Kremlin. He recalled that "at the request of the client, his/her personal service can be carried out in another language."