Disinfo: USSR was forced and reluctant to sign Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact


The signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 was the lesser-evil option for the Soviet Union, allowing it to obtain at least some sort of guarantees [of security] for the foreseeable future.

Today, the pact is being harshly demonised, primarily by those countries which signed the 1938 Munich Agreement, thereby sacrificing real peace to a “politics of appeasement.”


The story advances what is perhaps the oldest and grandest legitimising narrative in pro-Kremlin discourse, namely the unimpeachability of Soviet decision-making in the run-up to and during the Second World War.

Historical records contradict the claim that the Soviet Union was somehow reluctant to conclude any agreements with the Third Reich, and that it was only forced to do so in the face of the West's moral capitulation at Munich. If anything, Joseph Stalin appeared quite enthusiastic throughout the Nazi-Soviet negotiations which culminated in the signing of Molotov-Ribbentrop. The following month, the Pact was supplemented by the Nazi-Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.

Likewise, the article never bothers to mention the Secret Supplementary Protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which effectively carved up Europe into Nazi and Soviet "spheres of influence." Within one year, the USSR invaded Poland (September 1939, jointly with Nazi Germany), Finland (November 1939), the Baltic States (June 1940), and Romania (June 1940).

The Pact is not being "demonised" but rather regarded -- alongside the Western policy of appeasement -- as one of the direct causes of the of the Second World War. Although widely criticized since, the 1938 Munich agreement confined the recognition of Nazi territorial claims to Sudetenland; Ribbentrop-Molotov entitled Hitler to half of Europe.


  • Reported in: Issue 160
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 13/08/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: USSR, Germany, Russia
  • Keywords: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, World War 2, Historical revisionism, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Nazi/Fascist
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Disinfo: Kyiv is preparing a military solution for the conflict in Donbas

Kyiv does not intend to seek a peaceful settlement of the civil conflict in Donbas and is preparing for a military operation.


This is a pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about the war in Ukraine. In his inauguration speech, President Zelenskyy mentioned that he is ready to conduct negotiations to stop the war in Donbas. During his recent press conference with the President of France, President Zelenskyy mentioned that Ukraine adheres to diplomatic measures as the only way to resolve the war in Donbas. In a recent interview for BILD magazine, Zelenskyy clearly stated that the war can be resolved only by diplomatic means. “We will do everything to implement a ceasefire and stop the killing and suffering of our people in the nearest future. We have to give diplomats the chance to talk again while the guns stay silent. This is what I count on. And hope this will be heard in Moscow." Moreover, on June 26, Ukraine started the withdrawal of heavy weapons from Stanytsia Luhanska in accordance with the agreement reached during a recent meeting of the Trilateral Contact Group. On the same day, Ukraine's armed forces informed that the army withdrew from one of the positions in Stanytsia Luhanska. Recently, OSCE confirmed the withdrawal of weapons from the Stanytsia Luhanska disengagement area. On August 3, it identified a demining team of Ukraine's State Emergency Service and deminers from non-government-controlled areas. U.S. Special Representative to Ukraine Kurt Volker welcomed the move and called on Russia to take reciprocal further steps.

Disinfo: The West is to blame for the blockade of the North Crimean Canal

The blockade of the North Crimean Canal, which supplied water to the Crimea, was initiated in 2014 by the West as part of their anti-Russian strategy.


Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine and Crimea. The North Crimean Canal is the only structure through which the Crimea received water from the Dnipro River. After the annexation of the peninsula, the Ukrainian leadership stated that Crimea’s debts to the North-Crimean Canal Authority of 1.7 million hryvnias for water use in 2013 remained unpaid. The resolution of this issue became one of the necessary conditions for further negotiations on the supply of water to the peninsula. Also, the main condition for the renewal of the agreements on water supply to the Crimea is the presence of legitimate authorities on the peninsula, which after the annexation in the Crimea are absent. That is why Ukraine decided to close the locks of the North Crimean Canal and stated that it would resume water supply to the peninsula only after the complete de-occupation of Crimea. The western partners of Ukraine have absolutely nothing to do with resolving domestic political issues in Ukraine. The European Union has indeed introduced a whole list of sanctions against the occupying Crimean leadership, but this list does not include a ban on the supply of water from Ukraine to annexed Crimea. Read more here and here.

Disinfo: WWII: There was no French resistance to the invaders during the first year of occupation

There was no French resistance to the invaders for more than a year. It’s not common knowledge whom the majority of the French actually supported. Only one Nazi German has been killed by a French since the beginning of the Nazi occupation and it happened on 21 August 1941.


No evidence given. This is a recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about WWII. Within weeks of the 1940 occupation of France, groups of men and women had begun to resist. Some collected military intelligence for transmission to London; some organized escape routes for British airmen who had been shot down; some circulated anti-German leaflets; some engaged in the sabotage of railways and German installations. French citizens helped to save Jews during the occupation as well. 220.000 French people were honored by the post war authorities for their role in the French Resistance. Moreover, French units abroad under the command of Charles de Gaulle continued fighting against Axis troops, rejecting Marshal Petain's armistice with Germany. The air force of Free France even set up a Fighter Regiment, engaging in combat on the Eastern Front along with Soviet Air Force units. Read more about the French Resistance here.