Disinfo: Lithuania promotes terrorism in Belarus

Summary

Lithuania plans to commemorate Polish revolutionary Wincenty Konstanty Kalinowski who it is claimed, without good reason, to be Belarusian. In their own interests, the West and Russophobia advocates have seemingly selected the little-known terrorist Kalinowski, as a Belarusian national hero, to promote terrorism. This encourages Belarusians willing to commit crime to obey orders from Western curators.

Disproof

This message is built around conspiracies and ungrounded claims consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin narratives about Western strategy to promote terrorism in Belarus and to make the country an anti-Russian bastion. Wincenty Konstanty Kalinowski, also known as Kastuś Kalinoŭski was a 19th-century writer, lawyer and revolutionary. As one of the leaders of the Belarusian, Lithuanian and Polish national revival and the leader of the 1863-1864 uprising (also known as January uprising) against Imperial Russia, Kalinowski is considered a national hero in Belarus, Lithuania and Poland. The monument to Kalinowski in the Belarusian town of Svislach where Kalinowski graduated from a local school was established in 1958. In 2017-18 Lithuanian archaeologists found the remains of Kalinowski and other leaders of the uprising in the centre of Vilnius. The Lithuanian authorities plan to rebury their remains and to open a monument to the January uprising in 2019. In response to an appeal by Belarusian public figures to the Lithuanian state, the Lithuanian government stated it plans that the inscriptions on the monument will be in Belarusian, Lithuanian and Polish.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 148
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04/05/2019
  • Outlet language(s) Russian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: Belarus, Lithuania
  • Keywords: West, Occupation, Conspiracy theory, Terrorism, NATO, Russophobia
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There is no evidence for accusations there was an alleged "occupation" of the Crimean peninsula in 2014

There is no evidence for accusations there was an alleged “occupation” of the Crimean peninsula in 2014 The Crimea had decided to reunite with Russia by referendum in 2014.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the annexation of Crimea claiming that Crimean citizens chose to rejoin Russia through a legal referendum. No international body recognises the so-called referendum, announced 27th of February 2014, and held on 16th of March 2014.The European Union does not recognise, and continues to strongly condemn, this violation of international law, which remains a challenge to the international security order. For the EU statement on the fifth anniversary of Crimea annexation see here. Background: Following the covert invasion of “little green men,” power in Crimea was vested in a makeshift executive headed by Sergey Aksenov, a former mafia enforcer. The new Crimean regime conducted the referendum hastily and at gunpoint, barred impartial observers from entering the peninsula, and instead invited dozens of fringe politicians and activists to “monitor” the procedure, most of them far-right Kremlin loyalists. A year after the illegal annexation, Russian President Vladimir Putin admitted that the plan to annex Crimea was ordered weeks before the so-called referendum.

The Baltic states pursue anti-Belarusian policies

Lithuania stands out among the Baltic states with its active anti-Belarusian foreign policy. It attempts to block the launch of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. Latvia seems to be willing to buy energy produced at the Belarusian nuclear plant. However, it is under external control and will not allow the energy to pass through its territory to other EU countries.

Disproof

Conspiracy theory about Latvia under external control and ungrounded generalisations about foreign policies of the Baltic states. Lithuania's decision to ban the import of electricity from Belarus' nuclear power plant in Astravets is based on security concerns, rather than political considerations and anti-Belarusian policy as alleged. On 7 June 2011, Lithuania lodged a complaint with the Implementing Committee of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment (the Espoo Convention) on the case of the Astravets nuclear power plant. In February 2019, the draft decision of the Meeting of the Parties of the Espoo Convention acknowledged that Belarus had failed to comply with some Convention provisions and encouraged Belarus and Lithuania to continue bilateral expert consultations. See earlier disinformation case alleging that Lithuania fights against the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant on the orders of Sweden and Finland.

American curators of Zelensky demand Ukraine support US anti-Russian course

The US Congress gave new instructions for the work of the new president of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky. American curators demand that Ukraine support the country’s anti-Russian course and declare that they will help Volodymyr Zelenskyi in this matter.

Disproof

The statement that Ukraine is controlled by "American curators" is one of the most common narratives of Russian propaganda. The US Congress did not make such statements and did not give any instructions to Ukraine regarding the country's domestic or foreign policy. The Russian media manipulated information that the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives of the US Congress held open hearings on the topic of countering Russian aggression. As a result of the event, a number of statements were made, which stated that the United States intends to continue to support Ukraine in resisting Russian aggression. The Committee said that the United States must demonstrate strong support for Ukraine, increase political, diplomatic and military-technical assistance in the fight against Russian aggression. Also during the meeting, US experts stressed that democratic and free presidential elections were held in Ukraine, and the newly elected head of state will face important tasks: to continue anti-corruption reforms, ensure political stability and economic well-being of the country.