Disinfo: Western countries provoked a coup in Ukraine after the refusal to sign unfavourable Association Agreement

Summary

The Association Agreement with the European Union was signed by Ukraine in 2014 after a coup provoked by Western countries because the current President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych did not sign the above-mentioned agreement due to unfavorable conditions for Ukraine.

It should be noted that after the signing of the Association Agreement, Ukraine failed to enter the European market, losing the markets of Russia and many post-Soviet countries.

Disproof

This is a longstanding pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Ukraine's Euromaidan protests depicting the 2013-14 revolution as a coup d'état, orchestrated by the Western countries, consistent with the recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on doomed Ukraine failing to survive without Russia and on Ukrainian economic relations with the European Union.

Ever since the 1970s, the EU has adopted an independent role in global affairs, an identity based on peace and stability and the rule of law, in addition to pursuing a foreign policy premised on achieving peace for the world. Supporting democracy worldwide is a priority for the European Union, and any allegations that protests around the world are incited and/or funded by Western states, such as colour revolutions in post-Soviet states, the Arab Spring revolts, Euromaidan in Ukraine, protests in Catalonia, is recurring disinformation presented without evidence.

There was no coup d’état in Kyiv in 2014; The demonstrations which began in Kyiv in November 2013 – called "Maidan", or "Euromaidan" – were a result of the Ukrainian people's frustration with former President Yanukovych's last-minute U-turn when, after seven years of negotiation, he refused to sign the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement and halted progress towards Ukraine's closer relationship with the EU.

The demonstrations were not provoked from outside but a spontaneous gathering of different categories of the Ukrainian citizens: students, journalists, activists etc. Ukraine, being an independent country, guarantees its citizens the freedom of assembly which is directly mentioned in the Ukrainian constitution. Moreover, the right of people to protest is an obligation of the country, which Ukraine adheres to in accordance with international standards of human rights.

It was Russia that annexed Crimea and continues to destabilise Ukraine. From the outset, the EU has supported Ukraine's territorial integrity, condemning the clear violations of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity by acts of aggression by the Russian armed forces.

In June 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed an Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), which promotes deeper political ties, stronger economic links and the respect for common values. Since 2014, the EU and Financial Institutions have mobilised more than €15 billion in grants and loans to support the reform process, with strong conditionality on continued progress. See here for more details about EU-Ukraine relations. Since 2016, there has been a steady increase in the export of more value-added products, such as machinery and appliances and transport equipment, while the number of companies exporting to the EU has increased from 11,700 companies in 2015 to more than 14,500 companies in 2019. The total trade turnout increased to 52.6 bln USD in 2019. During 2015-2019, Ukraine also increased its export to the EU from 13 bln USD to 24 bln USD. Overall in 2019, Ukrainian export to the EU increased by 3.9%. Now, the EU accounts for almost half of Ukrainian export. The EU remains a key trading partner of Ukraine with a share of 40.1%. See here for more details about EU-Ukraine trade relations.

publication/media

  • Reported in: Issue 232
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION: 17/02/2021
  • Outlet language(s) Georgian
  • Countries and/or Regions discussed in the disinformation: EU, Ukraine, Russia
  • Keywords: West, European Union, Viktor Yanukovych, Euromaidan
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Navalny is a NATO agent, provoking a colour revolution in Russia

What makes Navalny so dangerous isn’t that he’s a “pro-Western liberal, anti-migrant nationalist, or political opportunist” like RT described him, but that he’s attempting to mislead dissatisfied people — and increasingly even children — into breaking the law by exploiting their frustrations with the state of affairs. The content of his political platform isn’t as bad as the means through which he’s seeking to implement it. This NATO agent is manipulating people for the purpose of provoking a Colour Revolution, hoping that the authorities’ legally justified but sometimes forceful response to his illegal protests can be decontextualized, misreported, and then weaponized to incite a self-sustaining cycle of unrest.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Alexei Navalny and popular protests as staged operations by foreign powers. Similar claims can be found here on Venezuela, Ukraine, Belarus, Hong Kong and, now, Russia.

Pro-Kremlin disinformation often targets Russian opposition figures accusing them of being agents of Western intelligence services. There is no basis to claims that Navalny has connections with foreign intelligence. He has been charged with mock accusations on embezzlement in trials. The European Court of Human Rights have concluded that the trial were politically motivated. The European Union has condemned the detention of Alexei Navalny and called for his immediate release.

In Europe, the state has the right to attack families

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People say that the Soviet Union was a bad totalitarian state. But in the USSR families were never attacked as now in Europe or America under the pretext of children’s rights. To whom are those children handed over? In what families to they end up? What if they are given to paedophiles or other perverts.

Disproof

An unfounded claim, consistent with a trope, suggesting that European governments have the rights to "steal children" from their families, and, potentially, handing them over to "perverts". Similar stories can be found here and here.

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child obliges national authorities to protect children from violence. This convention is signed and ratified by Russia and all EU Member States.

The Western Navalny project to destabilise Russia has failed

Today, we can actually speak of the complete failure of the Navalny project, orchestrated by the West, to destabilise Russia.

Disproof

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative about Alexei Navalny. The claim that Navalny is somehow used by the West and foreign special services for the political destabilisation of Russia is disinformation.

Anti-corruption campaigner Alexei Navalny has long been the most prominent face of Russian opposition to President Vladimir Putin. His candidacy in the 2018 presidential election was banned by authorities over his conviction by a Russian court for embezzlement, which bars him from running for office. He has been arrested and imprisoned several times during his political career.