Imagine you could re-invent yourself. Start from the beginning, erase wrongdoings, polish your past and take credit for some good things that happened. Re-invention is usually about creating the future you want rather than erasing the history you have. That is, unless you’re in the pro-Kremlin disinformation space, where historical revisionism is a favourite tool which seems to have no boundaries.

This week we saw plenty of historical re-inventions in pro-Kremlin outlets. For example, the staggering number of victims of communist regimes was dismissed as having been “pulled out of a hat”. It was also claimed that Georgia had joined Russia out of free will in 1801, although it was actually an annexation of the (then) Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti. The wording reminds us of a more recent annexation.

Or how about the demand made on state controlled Pervyi kanal that the EU should compensate Russia for genocide during WWII since the European armies invaded USSR and killed millions of people? This both ignores the contribution of allied European forces to defeating fascism and ignores the fact that the EU was founded after WWII.

Blaming Europe for atrocities did not stop there. In another show on state controlled Rossiya 1, it was claimed that the USSR mass famine – known in Ukraine as the Holodomor – was caused by Europe. In fact, the famine was a result of Stalin’s policies, which in the case of Ukraine has been recognised as a crime against humanity in several international resolutions.

We also saw some official polishing of Russia’s history, with the claim that it was Soviet soldiers who saved 50,000 Bulgarian Jews from deportation to Nazi Germany during WWII. It was actually the combined forces of the Bulgarian people, the Orthodox Church and Bulgarian leaders that saved around 50,000 Jews from Sofia from deportation to Nazi Germany.

Misrepresenting the facts on the ground

Another prevalent theme in pro-Kremlin disinformation this week was the war in Ukraine. Specifically, there was disinformation targeting international observers in Ukraine and made up stories about the Ukrainian Armed forces.

One story spread in pro-Kremlin outlets was that the Ukrainian Armed forces had killed a boy in Donetsk through shelling. But in fact, the tragic death of the boy was caused by an unexploded mine according to local Donetsk authorities. This was also reported by the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM) who followed up on the information and came to the same conclusion as the local authorities. The SMM were then accused of not acting independently by Russian state controlled TV; it was stated on a popular TV show that the independent monitoring mission receive instructions from Western Europe about what to report on. No evidence was presented to support the accusations. Read more about the OSCE SMM here.

The idea of a peacekeeping mission in Ukraine has been discussed lately. Russian REN TV made its contribution to the discussion by claiming that such a mission would result in … genocide.  As we have highlighted several times before, the term genocide is regularly used in pro-Kremlin disinformation to inspire fear, usually without having any connection with the actual act of genocide.

Screenshot from Russkaya Vesna. The website disinformed its readers that the Ukrainian military would have conducted a raid on a monastery looking for conscripts.

Furthermore, the Ukrainian military was accused of raiding a Catholic monastery in search of conscripts, an accusation that was refuted by the Ukrainian Catholic Church as fake and, with no apparent sense of irony, Russia was identified as the guarantor of security in Ukraine. Seeing as Russia has illegally annexed a part of Ukraine and is backing the separatists in the East of the country, we feel that this is a statement that needs some further explanation.

But the highlight of this week’s wave of pro-Kremlin disinformation was the fact that the Russian Ministry of Defence used images from a computer game as its irrefutable evidence that the US is supporting ISIS. See the full story by Bellingcat here. This is not the first time this tactic has been used, and it is encouraging to see more international media sharing the story and helping debunk this particularly puerile form of disinformation.

Images prove that the US is helping Daesh
Additional details: Irrefutable evidence that US are actually covering ISIS combat units to recover their combat capabilities, redeploy, and use them to promote American interests in Middle East.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Social media accounts of the Ministry of Defence of Russia, Rossiya 1, Rossiya 24
Reported by: Bellingcat
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation. One image claimed to show an ISIS convoy leaving Abu Kamel on November 9th, 2017. What this in fact showed was a cropped screenshot from the mobile phone game AC-130 Gunship Simulator, specifically a screenshot from a promo video for the game. The other images are also not from the dates and locations claimed by the Russian MoD, but from videos filmed in Iraq in 2016. Further debunking by Bellingcat. The MoD deleted the posts from its social media accounts.

Keywords: Middle East, Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: Russia, US, Syria
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Russia is the guarantee for security of Ukraine
Additional details: Russia is the guarantee for the security for Ukraine.


 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CS7mLRodKiY
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 35:45
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation. Russia has been waging and financing the war against Ukraine in Donbas immediately after annexing Crimea.

See more about Russia's military intervention in Ukraine. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/the-osce-the-pentagon-nato-headquarters-and-the-council-of-europe-do-not-recognize-the-facts-of-russias-aggression-against-ukraine-primarily-the-intrusion-of-russian-tanks-and-paratroopers-into-do/

The evidence of Russian military in Donbas is overwhelming, much of it coming, inadvertently or deliberately, from Russian troops themselves. Further details, for example, are in the following reports: InformNapalm, Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies, Atlantic council, EuObserver, Vice News. According to the Bellingcat investigation, in 2017 Russia's tanks in Donbas represent a "peak" of its warfare capability.  Moreover, an exhibition of Russian weapons, including Russia-made tanks captured from separatist and Russian forces during battles in the east of Ukraine opened in Kyiv on February 21, 2017. It was called "The Presence" and it aims to prove Russian military involvement in Ukraine.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
There are no Russian weapons in Donbas
Additional details: Moscow doesn’t provide Donbas with weapons, they might as well be from India

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8PPImEcnOQ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 37:40
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation regarding Russia's military presence in the eastern Ukraine. https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/the-osce-the-pentagon-nato-headquarters-and-the-council-of-europe-do-not-recognize-the-facts-of-russias-aggression-against-ukraine-primarily-the-intrusion-of-russian-tanks-and-paratroopers-into-do/

The evidence of Russian military in Donbas is overwhelming, much of it coming, inadvertently or deliberately, from Russian troops themselves. Further details, for example, are in the following reports: InformNapalm, Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies, Atlantic council, EuObserver, Vice News. According to the Bellingcat investigation, in 2017 Russia's tanks in Donbas represent a "peak" of its warfare capability.  Moreover, an exhibition of Russian weapons, including Russia-made tanks captured from separatist and Russian forces during battles in the east of Ukraine opened in Kyiv on February 21, 2017. It was called "The Presence" and it aims to prove Russian military involvement in Ukraine.

Keywords: Military, War in Ukraine, Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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Poland is treating Ukrainian migrants like slaves
Additional details: Poland is ready to let Ukrainian slaves into its territory, and to pay them only very low wages. Illegal workers are slaves in Poland.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xJGa6JTIXPw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 12:02
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation about Ukrainian migrants in Poland.  No evidence given. Ukrainians are drawn to Poland by higher wages and relative ease of access to its job market: reports by Bloomberg https://bloom.bg/2n8oNli and the Financial Times: http://on.ft.com/2uJaqZu

Keywords: Migration crisis
Countries: Ukraine, Poland
More
The US unfairly imposes guilt on Russia
Additional details: The aim of the US statements on National Day for the Victims of Communism is to impose a permanent guilt on Russia.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgVJT-Cobzw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 12:58
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

National Day for the Victims of Communism that in 2017 marks 100 years since the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia is to remind the people of the deaths and suffering caused by communist totalitarian regimes. According to the White House, the US remembers those who have died and all who continue to suffer under communism.  https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/11/07/national-day-victims-communism

Russia is not a communist country. According to the Constitution, "Russia is a democratic federal law-bound State with a republican form of government". http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-02.htm

Keywords: Historical revisionism, October Revolution
Countries: Russia, US
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Europe is in a total mess: Baltic countries are complaining they can't afford to eat
Additional details: The European countries are in a total mess. In the Baltic countries the people can't even afford to eat.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_0qMnY2Dsw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 14:50
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. There is no shortage of food in Baltic countries.

Keywords: EU, Baltic states
Countries: Russia, Baltic states
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Europe tells the OSCE observers when to ignore shelling in Donbas
Additional details: The OSCE observers are not acting independently. They receive instructions from Western Europe. If Western Europe tells them: "Guys, you have not seen anything, the birds are singing, no one is shooting," they will say: "We have not seen anything, birds are singing, we are not going anywhere!"

 

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8PPImEcnOQ
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 24:05
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The Special monitoring mission of unarmed civilian observers to Ukraine was deployed following a request to the OSCE by Ukraine’s government and was agreed by all 57 OSCE’s participating States, Russia included. http://www.osce.org/ukraine-smm/116879?download=true. As for the OSCE reports, see http://www.osce.org/special-monitoring-mission-to-ukraine/157261

Keywords: Ukraine, War in Ukraine, OSCE, Europe
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainians are not Ukrainians but Russians
Additional details: Citizens of Ukraine are not Ukrainians. By and large, they are Russians. By and large, this is the same nation.


 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_0qMnY2Dsw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 51:42
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

An old myth designed by Kremlin and debunked many times. The Russians and the Ukrainians are not the same or single nation. Ukraine is recognised in international law as a sovereign nation state, with its own flag, nationality, language etc.

Keywords: Russian world, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Europe was responsible for the mass famine in the USSR
Additional details: The USSR mass famine was caused by Europe, which forced Moscow to pay for imports only with grain; the West is also responsible for the Holocaust because it banned Hitler from paying with Reichsmarks for imports provoking the Nazis to mass murder the Jews to get their gold.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrctAiLScSI
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @Rossia-1’ TV-channel, 35:15
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory. The USSR regime was responsible for the mass famine, including Holodomor in Ukraine in the 1930s. 17 states recognized  Holodomor as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people: USA, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Columbia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Ecuador, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, and Slovak Republic.The Holodomor was recognized as a tragedy or crime against humanity in various resolutions adopted by international organizations: OSCE, PACE, Joint statement to the UN General Assembly, European Parliament. http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/three-lies-about-holodomor-ukraine. The Nazi regime was responsible for the Holocaust.

 

Keywords: Holocaust, Holodomor, Historical revisionism, The West, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: USSR, The West, Germany
More
Ground anti-missiles at Fort Greely (Alaska State) are targeted against Russian and Chinese rockets
Additional details: The US ground missile defence in Alaska is aimed at Russian and Chinese rockets. Not only does the US missile defence system make it harder for rockets to fly, but it can also shoot them down.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): cz.sputniknew.com
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

According to the Missile Defence Agency, the anti-missile defence, the defence is directed against North Korea and Iran. "US military ballistic missile defence policies have sought to protect the homeland against a long-range missile strike from states such as Iran and North Korea, but not major nuclear powers Russia and China." https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/usmissiledefense

Keywords: Missile defence system, US
Countries: China, Russia, US
More
American peacekeepers will start a genocide in Donbas
Additional details: If the US will send 20 000 peacekeepers to the East of Ukraine this will surely worsen the situation. The US will not follow international law and this will surely result in genocide of the local population.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ren TV, Dni.Ru, NSN.fm
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

No evidence given. If a peacekeeping mission would be deployed in the East of Ukraine it would consist of an international contingent under UN mandate. There are no indications that such a mission would result in a genocide. https://www.rferl.org/a/canada-making-diplomatic-push-ukraine-un-peacekeeping-plan/28845877.html, https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-seek-russian-approval-for-peacekeepers-in-eastern-ukraine-1510258304. The term genocide is regularly used in pro-Kremlin disinformation to inspire fear, without having any connection with the actual act of genocide https://euvsdisinfo.eu/disinformation-cases/?text=genocide&disinfo_issue=&date=.

 

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Genocide
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
Washington has embarked on a secret arms race due to a "strategic threat" posed by Moscow and Beijing
Additional details: The US is overwhelmed by Russia's military capabilities so they began mobilizing forces to catch up. The US units commander in Europe, General Ben Hodges, acknowledged the recent steps taken by Russia in the Crimea, Donbass and Syria to be completely unexpected.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): novarepublika.cz
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

No evidence given for the claims of an arms race. General Ben Hodges has expressed his concerns that the Russian military exercise Zapad 2017 was surprisingly large and fast. The United States and Russia are informing each other about what exercises will take place and how many soldiers will participate in them, but Russia is lacking in transparency on these issues and, as a rule, exercises are more extensive than the Russians claim. The US is worried because, as part of the Zapad 2017, the Russians practiced tactics that "were later used in Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014, its support for separatists in eastern Ukraine and its intervention in Syria." For this reason, they mobilize (not increase) military forces, especially in the Baltics, which lies on the border with Russia.
Source:
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-nato-usa/u-s-general-says-allies-worry-russian-war-game-may-be-trojan-horse-idUSKBN1A52WO
https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/ausa/2017/10/10/natos-battle-groups-instilled-confidence-on-eastern-flank-during-russias-zapad/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-36575180

Keywords: Military, Russian superiority, Military exercise
Countries: China, Russia, US
More
The West is turning Ukraine into a nuclear waste burial
Additional details: The West is building nuclear waste burial in Chernobyl. Now the nuclear waste from the whole world will come to Ukraine and will poison its population since the European countries don't want to receive this dangerous waste.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

Ukraine is building a nuclear waste burial in order to stop sending its nuclear waste for conservation in Russia where such a waste burial exists for a long time https://www.segodnya.ua/economics/enews/ukraina-zaplatila-rossii-2-mlrd-dollarov-za-hranenie-yadernyh-othodov-1071083.html. Some of the European countries are busy with building similar burials as well http://www.reuters.com/article/us-nuclear-waste/europe-makes-big-bets-on-nuclear-waste-burial-idUSBRE85C0YM20120613.

Keywords: Nuclear issues
Countries: Ukraine
More
The US is working on genetical weapon to use against Russians
Additional details: American agents are collecting genetical materials of Russians to invent a genetical weapon which effect will be much more harmfull then those of a nuclear bomb. It will work selectively hitting only Russians. It's not by chance that the US has built up a lot of genetical laboratories around Russia, most of which are situated in Ukraine and the Caucasus.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Versija
Reported by: Promote Ukraine NGO
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory, no evidence given for this recurring disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/the-parade-of-lies-the-power-of-fake-proofs/.

Keywords: Biological weapons, Anti-Russian
Countries: Russia
More
The EU should compensate Russia for genocide during WWII
Additional details: During the WWII, armies of Europe - namely Germany, Italy, France, Romania, Slovakia, Croatia, Finland, Belgium, and Poland killed millions of Soviet civilians, hence Russia should demand financial compensations from the EU for genocide. Nineteen million Soviet people, civilians, non-combatants, were killed by European armies.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_0qMnY2Dsw
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 1:09:06
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

During the WWII, ‘armies of Europe’ did not invade the USSR. It was the Axis powers, opposed by the Allied powers headed by France, the UK, the US and the USSR. Some European countries had been forced by Nazi Germany to join the Axis powers, but then, after capitulation to the Soviet army, supported the Allied powers. Poland was seized and then divided by Hitler and Stalin in 1939 and then, after WWII, occupied by the USSR as were large parts of Eastern Europe. The EU was established after WWII. Read more about the WWII: https://www.britannica.com/event/World-War-II

Keywords: EU, Historical revisionism, WWII
Countries: Italy, Romania, Europe, Slovakia, Croatia, USSR, Russia, Germany, Finland, Belgium, Poland, France
More
European countries without mandatory vaccine programs are more successful, vaccination causes autism
Additional details: Vaccines cause autism. Vaccines are associated with high child mortality rates. Child mortality rates in Germany, where immunization is not mandatory, are lower by 6% and 10% as compared to Italy and Czech Republic, respectively.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2AB5JDj
Disinforming outlet(s): Tbilisi 24 online
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

No evidence given for any of the statements. There is no correlation between vaccination and autism, and no correlation between vaccination and child mortality rates. The statistical data provided by the author is incorrect and do not correspond to the official data. According to the World Bank data for 2016, infant mortality rates in Italy (2.8), where immunization is mandatory, are lower by 0.4 points as compared to Germany (3.2). Further debunking at Myth Detector http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/tbilisi-24-online-editions-conspiracy-theories-about-vaccination.

Keywords: Conspiracy, Europe
Countries: Italy, Europe, Czech Republic, Germany, Georgia
More
100 million killed by communist regimes - these numbers are pulled out of a hat.
Additional details: 100 million killed by communist regimes - these numbers are pulled out of a hat. Besides, imperialist regimes, including Hitler, killed just as many. Propaganda.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Alexey Pushkov's Twitter account
Reported by: Polygraph.info
Disproof note:

The 100 million number is based on archival documents. “Hardly taken out of the clear blue sky,” said Paul A. Goble, former special advisor to the U.S. Secretary of State and a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia to Polygraph.info. “To get to 100 million, however, requires two things: a relatively high estimate of losses in China from starvation and killings during the Great Leap Forward, and the inclusion of losses of Soviet populations during wartime. With those added, the number is far above 100 million -- probably closer to 150 million.”

The Victims of the Communism Memorial Foundation (VOC), a U.S. non-government organization based in Washington, DC, says that the White House estimate of the death toll of communism in the 20th Century is in fact accurate and based on archival and forensic research.

The figure of 100 million victims of communism first emerged in the late 1990s from “The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression,” the product of a joint research by eight academics from different European countries who documented the death toll of communist regimes.

Further debunking by the Polygraph.info

Keywords: Propaganda, Historical revisionism, Adolf Hitler
Countries: USSR, Russia, US
More
Ukraine to fire all feldshers
Additional details: Ukraine will fire all feldshers and replace them with paramedics. As of November 1 the position of feldsher was liquidated and all such personnel should lose their jobs in accordance with a Ministry of Economic Development order #6327.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The Economic Development Ministry has never issued any order entitled  #6327.  But there is a law and a Cabinet of Ministers executive order classifying medical professions, according to which all medical professional titles have been streamlined according to international classifications and European Union practice. Ukraine has approved a new classification of professions effective November 1 so that Ukraine’s health care sector reflects international norms. The Health Ministry stressed that the new classification does not entail anyone being fired, medical workers will now be using new professional names and will undergo additional training necessary to meet international standards. Further debunking at Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-ukraine-to-fire-all-feldshers/.

Keywords: Ukrainian disintegration
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Images prove that the US is helping Daesh
Additional details: Irrefutable evidence that US are actually covering ISIS combat units to recover their combat capabilities, redeploy, and use them to promote American interests in Middle East.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: The original Tweet by the Russian Ministry of Defence was deleted
Disinforming outlet(s): Ministry of Defence of Russia on Twitter and Facebook, Sputnik
Reported by: Bellingcat
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation. One image claimed to show an ISIS convoy leaving Abu Kamel on November 9th, 2017. What this in fact showed was a cropped screenshot from the mobile phone game AC-130 Gunship Simulator, specifically a screenshot from a promo video for the game. The other images are also not from the dates and locations claimed by the Russian MoD, but from videos filmed in Iraq in 2016. Further debunking by Bellingcat. Sputnik first reported about the Russia's MoD post as a fact but later changed its story. The MoD also deleted the posts from its social media accounts.

Keywords: Syrian War, Daesh
Countries: Russia, US, Syria
More
RT faces repression in the US and it will lose its status as a media
Additional details: [The US requirement to register RT as a foreign agent] is a repression and violation of freedom of speech. The channel will lose its status as a media.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rossiya 1
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

The registration of Russia Today (RT) as a foreign agent is unlikely to either hamper its activities or lead to its closure as it will be able to continue to operate as before, even if now with some additional reporting obligations.

Requiring a foreign media outlet to register as an agent of a foreign nation does not give the U.S. government the right to censor its output or control its working environment. FARA simply requires transparency and public disclosure on the part of those registered. Further debunking at the Insider.

Keywords: Russia Today (RT), Freedom of speech, Media
Countries: Russia, US
More
Finnish officials have taken a child into custody because her mother slapped her with a T-shirt
Additional details: Finnish officials have taken a child into custody because her mother slapped her with a T-shirt, says Finnish human rights activist Johan Bäckman.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=2953241
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti, Ria Novosti, Interfax and many others
Reported by: The Insider
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation. The statement comes from well-known Pro-Kremlin propagandist Johan Bäckman.

In Finland, a custody can be done if serious shortcomings are detected in the child’s care or other circumstances that may endanger the child’s health or development. The risk must be serious. Taking into custody is only possible if open care support measures are not suitable, feasible or sufficient to guarantee that the child’s interests are protected.

Further debunking by the Insider and Echo Moskvy. The child is a Finnish citizen and the mother has a Russian citizenship.

Keywords: State oppression
Countries: Russia, Finland
More
Ukrainian military raids monastery for conscripts
Additional details: Ukraine’s military conducted a night raid on a Ukrainian Catholic monastery looking for conscripts. The monastery was surrounded and searched, the military were trying to find young men evading service in the army, according to a priest called Augusyn Loyko.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The monastery at the center of this fake story is the Basilian Brothers monastery in the western Ukrainian city of Zhovkva, Lviv oblast . In a statement published on the Ukrainian Catholic Church portal, the monastery’s abbot Father Volodymyr Malaniuk said that no such raid had taken place, the priest cited in the story does not exist and the photograph used to illustrate the fake story is not of their monastery. https://www.kyrios.org.ua/news/ugcc/31331-zhovkivskyi-monastyr-ottsiv-vasyliian-sprostuvav-informatsiiu-pro-oblavu.html

As their source, the disinforming sites quote a dubious website Novyny Zhovkivshchyny I Yavorivshchyny online. Judging from its content, this site appears to have been launched only a few days ago. Its first story is dated November 3, the last November 5. The site is currently inactive and lists a warning that the story about the monastery raid is a fake.

 

Keywords: Military
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Ukrainian shelling kills Donetsk boy
Additional details: A ten year old boy was killed and another two were wounded as a result of the Ukrainian army shelling the Russian separatist occupied city of Donetsk.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://ria.ru/world/20171105/1508245515.html
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Local Donetsk media reported a completely different version of the story. The city’s regional news portal Donetskie Novosti reported that three schoolboys were playing in a school stadium and they threw a rock at an unidentified object which exploded, killing one boy and wounding the other two, citing Donetsk regional administrator chief Maksym Zhukovsky as the source. The object turned out to be an unexploded mine. https://dnews.dn.ua/news/656095, http://www.osce.org/special-monitoring-mission-to-ukraine/355221. Further debunking at Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-ukrainian-shelling-kills-donetsk-boy/.

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Military
Countries: Ukraine
More
In 1801, Georgia joined Russia of its own free will
Additional details: Georgia joined Russia of its own free will, which had a positive influence on its development.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sakinform
Reported by: Myth Detector
Disproof note:

Historical revisionism is a favorite method in pro-Kremlin disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/exploiting-commemorations/. Georgia did not join the Russian Empire of its own free will. In 1801 Russia annexed the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti. Subsequently, Russia also annexed other kingdoms and principalities of Georgia. Further debunking at Myth Detector http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/falsification-history-1801-georgia-joined-russia-its-own-free-will.

Keywords: Historical revisionism
Countries: Russia, Georgia
More
The EU paid the Baltic states to give up their cattle upon joining the EU
Additional details: After joining the EU, in exchange for the Baltic states refraining from having large cattle livestock, citizens of the Baltic States were given 800 euros in compensation.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.myvideo.ge/?video_id=3421145
Disinforming outlet(s): Obieqtivi TV
Reported by: Myth Detectors
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Since joining the European Union in 2004, the economy of all three countries has experienced a significant increase, which has on its turn boosted the agricultural sector, such as cattle herding or dairy farming. Further debunking at Myth Detector http://mythdetector.ge/en/myth/disinformation-about-how-eu-was-campaining-against-baltic-cows-800-euros.

Keywords: EU, Economic difficulties
Countries: Baltic states, Georgia
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The Polish President said no to Georgian EU membership
Additional details: EU has weakened; this is the beginning of the end. The Polish President poured cold water on the Georgian President and indirectly said no to Georgia's EU membership.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: https://goo.gl/8JKU7a
Disinforming outlet(s): Tbilisi 24 online
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

Actually, the Polish President underlined the importance of keeping the door open in order to potentially welcome new members into the EU http://www.president.pl/en/news/art,606,georgian-president-starts-visit-to-poland.html.

Keywords: EU/NATO enlargement
Countries: Georgia, Poland
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Western Europe steals from "secondary Europe"
Additional details: Sucking money and other resources from ''secondary Europe'' has become a norm for other western European economic leaders similar to Germany. Poland and Greece are EU Member States, but they are only ''secondary members'' and this is called ''two-speed Europe''.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: https://goo.gl/oUqpT3
Disinforming outlet(s): Geworld.ge
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

Recurring disinformation about a "two-speed Europe", no evidence given. Poland is the biggest beneficiary of the EU budget. More specifically, Poland is the main recipient of EU regional funds. Poland also receives a large share of the European funds for agriculture, and is the top beneficiary of EU funds for rural development. Every year, around 1.4 million Polish farmers receive income support from the EU budget. http://ec.europa.eu/budget/mycountry/PL/index_en.cfm

Total EU spending in Poland – € 13.358 billion, total Polish contribution to the EU budget – € 3.718 billion. https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries/member-countries/poland_en#budgets_and_funding

Greece is one of the EU Member States which receives more from the EU budget than it pays. Breakdown of Greece's finances with the EU in 2015: Total EU spending in Greece – € 6.210 billion, total Greek contribution to the EU budget – € 1.206 billion. https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries/member-countries/greece_en#budgets_and_funding

Keywords: EU disintegration
Countries: Europe, Germany, Georgia
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Ukrainian school distributes sex worker pamphlets to children
Additional details: After a lesson on AIDS prevention, students in the eastern Ukrainian port city of Mykolayiv were given a pamphlet outlining health and safety measures intended for sex workers.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Strana.ua
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

No evidence given. According to Stopfake, no one has been able to ascertain in which school this allegedly happened, no actual person has been identified as having seen or received the pamphlet. Mykolayiv city authorities canvassed all of the city’s 53 schools and concluded that no such lesson occurred and such pamphlets were never distributed. Yulia Dorokhova , the director of an NGO, Legalife, which works to protect Ukraine’s sex workers, said the group had never encountered such a pamphlet and called the story and the leaflet  outright fakes. Further debunking at Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-mykolayiv-school-distributes-sex-worker-pamphlets/.

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
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Soviet soldiers saved 50 000 Bulgarian Jews during WWII
Additional details: It was thanks to Soviet soldiers that 50 000 Bulgarian Jews were saved from deportation to Nazi Germany during WWII.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtG4F5Yh53w
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian MFA Spokesperson Maria Zacharova
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

In fact, public protest, which included an intervention from the Metropolitan of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, made Tsar Boris to change his mind and cancel the planned deportations of 50 000 Bulgarian Jews to Nazi Germany in May 1943. https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005451, http://edition.cnn.com/videos/world/2015/07/24/intv-amanpour-bulgaria-king-a.cnn, https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/how-bulgaria-saved-its-jews-from-nazi-concentration-camps/2013/05/08/e866bdda-8cb1-11e2-9838-d62f083ba93f_story.html?utm_term=.e74c061fa348,

Keywords: Holocaust, Historical revisionism, WWII, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Bulgaria, Russia
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