This week, we saw plenty of depictions of ‘the evil West’ in the pro-Kremlin media.

In our recent commentary, we mentioned that one of the common techniques of the disinformation campaign is to use outright falsifications. And many examples of the technique presented themselves this week. So we saw for example a Bulgarian story claiming that EU Commissioner Hahn stated that Bulgaria will cease to exist as a nation within 40 years http://bit.ly/2lyZgEu – he said no such thing. We saw a Czech outlet saying President Juncker thinks the EU will fall apart during the Brexit negotiations http://bit.ly/2lyT4fP – something he has not stated. And we saw Europe and the West accused on Russian state TV of wanting to destroy both Russia and Ukraine http://bit.ly/2m3uPaK, of starting the Maidan protests in 2014 http://bit.ly/2mhtkS5, and of aiming to loot Ukraine http://bit.ly/2l3eYEI – even of peoples organs. Again, needless to say, all untrue.

The NATO enforcement of its Eastern flank was another favourite issue heavily targeted with disinformation, described again as a provocation and intimidation directed against Russia http://bit.ly/2m4CtxZ, http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN, http://bit.ly/2l048zk. It was claimed that the Baltic countries are ‘part of the Russian world’, hence NATO’s desire for a presence on their territory. TV Zvezda suggested that the Baltic countries were plotting to attack Russia http://bit.ly/2m0Cfvi. There was also an intentional fake concerning a German soldier supposedly raping an under aged girl in Lithuania http://wapo.st/2lqSMp3 – a clear resemblance to the now infamous ‘Lisa-case’ http://bit.ly/2mich2q.

Other well-known narratives emerged again: claims on Russian state TV that NATO is encircling Russia http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN – as shown here http://bit.ly/2lCEfbV that is clearly not the case. The old narrative that the West promised Russia that NATO would not expand appeared again on Russian state TV http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN and other pro-Kremlin outlets http://bit.ly/2m4Umgq. The claim about NATO “expansion” misrepresents the process of NATO enlargement. NATO does not “expand” but considers the applications of candidate countries which want to join http://bit.ly/269ONPz.

tanks

The danger of refugees

Another continuing trend this week was the depiction of refugees and migrants as dangerous. A Czech outlet reported that migrants had sexually harassed people in Frankfurt on New Year’s Eve http://bit.ly/2m3KCD6 – information that was based on false testimonies and subsequently deleted from the original report but that is still spreading. A cooperation agreement between the Czech, Romanian and German armies was explained as an effort by Germany to protect itself against migrants by another Czech outlet http://bit.ly/2kDZNFM.

Also the Swedish city of Malmö was depicted in a very negative way on Russian state TV http://bit.ly/2lAw5l3, misrepresenting unemployment numbers as at 63% (that is actually the employment figures of the city) and murder rates over the last year exaggerated up from 12 to 50. The piece also covered the old disinformation story of no-go zones in Sweden http://bzfd.it/2m8uqQU.

Ukraine absurdities

Another week, another sadly predictable aggressive disinformation campaign targeting Ukraine. Repeated allegations of Nazis governing the country are still a part of the regular “reporting” of pro-Kremlin outlets. The show ‘Vremya Pokazhet’ repeated the many times debunked disinformation about the alleged oppression of Russian speakers in Ukraine. In Vladimir Solovyov’s show, the absurd and unsubstantiated allegation was repeated that the annexation of Crimea had to happen because the Ukrainians planned a war (http://bit.ly/2mhf63A).

And to make Ukrainians look as inhumane as possible, Izvestia multiplied a phantasmagorical “testimony” about Ukrainian soldiers (http://bit.ly/2lhA9p5). In the parallel world of pro-Kremlin media, the soldiers in Donbass were fighting under such strong psychotropic drugs that no matter how many times they were shot, they kept on getting up and carrying on fighting. “And sometimes even without his head, he attempts to stand up and keep fighting,” says one of the so-called separatists’ leaders. The story was heavily multiplied also in other languages, e.g. by the Czech version of Sputnik (http://bit.ly/2kI9yD5).

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week

The last time NATO has attacked Russia was November 2015,...
Additional details: The last time NATO has attacked Russia was November 2015, when a NATO country shot down a Russian plane.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (13:56)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Turkey was defending its own airspace against repeated airspace violations from Russian jets: http://bbc.in/1SirLNH

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Russia
More
The placement of NATO battalions in the Baltics is an...
Additional details: The placement of NATO battalions in the Baltics is an act of intimidation by the US and NATO. They want to claim the territory belonging to the Russian world. Baltic countries are a part of the Russian world, the people there love Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (24:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are not part of a 'Russian world', they are sovereign and independent states which have joined NATO voluntarily. // Lithuania welcomed the NATO troops: http://bit.ly/2liobgr and actually would like to see more of them because of Russia' aggresive behaviour: http://reut.rs/2loTWEp // Latvia as well: http://bloom.bg/2lBVMkz // Similarly in Estonia: http://bit.ly/2kerQeQ

Keywords: NATO, Russian world
Countries: Russia, Baltic states, US
More
The West has promised Russia that NATO will not expand
Additional details: The West has promised Russia that NATO will not expand.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (34:40)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No such promise was ever made, and Russia has never produced any evidence to back up its claim: http://bit.ly/2eFPg9s

Keywords: NATO, The West
Countries: Russia, The West
More
The task [of the West] is to use force, terror...
Additional details: The task [of the West] is to use force, terror and propaganda to make Ukraine an anti-Russian power in order to set it against Russia later, and then to destroy both Russia and Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m3uPaK
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (24:48)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The EU and US respect both the Ukrainian and Russian sovereignty and territorial integrity. The West does not "create" anti-Russian power in Ukraine, the anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine are caused by Russian military aggression on Ukrainian territory.

Keywords: Propaganda, Anti-Russian, The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Ukraine
More
The placement of four NATO battalions in the Baltics and...
Additional details: The placement of four NATO battalions in the Baltics and in Poland is done in order to encircle Russia by a ring of military bases and provide a pretext for military provocations.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lhNhKN
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (8:12)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

The battalions are there to ensure the allies of NATO's readiness to defend them: http://cnn.it/28JwTnX

Keywords: Provocation, NATO
Countries: Russia, Baltic states, Poland
More
Ukrainian authorities are losing control over the situation in the...
Additional details: Ukrainian authorities are losing control over the situation in the army. The nationalists broke the truce and began the hostilities in Avdiivka without any coordination with the Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m3lq2X
Disinforming outlet(s): Horizont
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

No evidence given. It was the Russian backed forces that began the shelling: http://bit.ly/2kEVGsu

Keywords: Avdiivka, War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
People in the Baltic states were better off in the...
Additional details: People in the Baltic states were better off in the Soviet Union compared to nowadays. Sending NATO forces to the Eastern flank of the Alliance is a provocation against Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l048zk
Disinforming outlet(s): TVC
Reported by: Source from an EU country
Disproof note:

Debunked many times before. During the post-war period, the USSR priorities were not the investment in industry, but the repression of the national resistance movement and the militarization of the territory. The Baltic States as a whole were Soviet economy donors http://bit.ly/2lBzobb whereas now, the Baltic economies are doing well in comparison see e.g http://bit.ly/2lLv35P, https://goo.gl/PeFLEV. The enforcement of the eastern flank is a response to Russia’s aggressive foreign policy and actions in Ukraine.http://bit.ly/2iMmGkG.

Keywords: Provocation, NATO
Countries: USSR, Russia, Baltic states
More
Kyiv’s armed forces have been using weapons of mass destruction...
Additional details: Kyiv’s armed forces have been using weapons of mass destruction (Tochka-U tactical missile system) against civilians in Eastern Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mf6Ml7
Disinforming outlet(s): RT
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

The General Staff of Ukraine disputes Russia’s accusations. The claims concerning the use of Tochka-U have been made previously by the separatists supported by Russia, but no evidence has ever been presented. http://bit.ly/2lGjI6I. Further debunking at The Insider http://bit.ly/2lhdIAm.

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Missile defence system
Countries: Ukraine
More
Kyiv’s armed forces have been using weapons of mass destruction...
Additional details: Kyiv’s armed forces have been using weapons of mass destruction (Tochka-U tactical missile system) against civilians in eastern Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lh9Pva
Disinforming outlet(s): Komsomolskaya Pravda
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

Russian translation of the RT article above.

Keywords: Eastern Ukraine, Missile defence system
Countries: Ukraine
More
Migrants from the Middle East and Africa attacked and sexually...
Additional details: Migrants from the Middle East and Africa attacked and sexually harassed people in Frankfurt during New Years Eve celebration.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m3KCD6
Disinforming outlet(s): euportal.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Collected by the Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the framework of the Centre for International Relations‘ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The news about attack in Frankfurt, originally presented by German tabloid Bild, was based on false testimonies. Bild itself recognized that it was mistaken (unlike the disinformation oriented outlets which continue spreading this false information): http://huff.to/2kE3onq

Keywords: Middle East, Africa, Sexual harassment
Countries: Middle East and Africa, Germany
More
NATO violates its own Charter
Additional details: NATO violates its own Charter. When it was created in 1949, the First Article of the Charter declared that NATO would fulfill all the requirements of the UN. And then NATO began introducing an aggressive ideology in other documents.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2IF8P
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (09:52)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. See e.g. "The Alliance does not seek confrontation and poses no threat to Russia" (communiqué after the 2016 NATO summit): http://bit.ly/29wEikw

Keywords: UN, NATO
More
There has been an agreement between president Bush and president...
Additional details: There has been an agreement between president Bush and president Gorbachev that NATO won't be enlarged by the Eastern European countries in exchange for USSR's agreement with the unification of Germany.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m4Umgq
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No such promise was ever made, and Russia has never produced any evidence to back up its claim: http://bit.ly/2eFPg9s

Keywords: NATO
Countries: Eastern Europe, USSR, Germany
More
A delegation from the University of Bristol will start excavations...
Additional details: A delegation from the University of Bristol will start excavations of historical sites in Crimea.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lpYiIp
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

In a statement, the University of Bristol confirmed that they were not linked to any planned project in Crimea. http://bit.ly/2lhDHrz

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: UK, Ukraine
More
Sending NATO forces to the Eastern flank of the Alliance...
Additional details: Sending NATO forces to the Eastern flank of the Alliance is a provocation against Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m4CtxZ
Disinforming outlet(s): Kanal 5
Reported by: Source from an EU country
Disproof note:

Debunked many times before. The enforcement of the Eastern flank is a response to Russia’s aggressive foreign policy and actions in Ukraine.http://bit.ly/2iMmGkG

Keywords: Provocation, NATO
Countries: Russia
More
According to EU Commissioner Hahn, Bulgaria will disappear as a...
Additional details: According to EU Commissioner Hahn, Bulgaria will disappear as a nation in 40 years. Hahn claims that this process is irreversible and that the EU should claim the territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Bulgaria
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lyZgEu
Disinforming outlet(s): The Bulgarian Times
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The European Commission’s Representation in Bulgaria has denied that European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy & Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hanh made statements of a negative nature about Bulgaria. http://bit.ly/2kZFXRP

Keywords: EU regulations, Sovereignty
Countries: Bulgaria, EU
More
The Baltic states are plotting to attack Russia, shown by...
Additional details: The Baltic states are plotting to attack Russia, shown by the arrival of NATO troops in the Baltics as the largest troop presence in the region since WWII and furthermore all three countries are nearly bankrupt due to their anti-Russia foreign policies.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2m0Cfvi
Disinforming outlet(s): TV Zvezda
Reported by: Source from an EU country
Disproof note:

Debunked many times before. The enforcement of the Eastern flank is a response to Russia’s aggressive foreign policy and actions in Ukraine.http://bit.ly/2iMmGkG. The economies of the Baltic States have prospered since joining the EU: according to Eurostat, GDP per capita at market prices has grown 45% in EE; 39% in LV & 42% in LT since 2004.

Keywords: WWII, NATO
Countries: Russia, Baltic states
More
The only political goal of the West is to pass...
Additional details: The only political goal of the West is to pass Ukraine into the hands of Russia, to make Kremlin preoccupied with Ukrainian problems.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2IF8P
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (2:05:52)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Both the EU and the US have many political goals, not all of them connected to Ukraine. // The West does not want to pass Ukraine into Russia's hands, the West supports sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and has even imposed sanctions on Russia for violating these.

Keywords: The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Ukraine
More
The West has always despised Russia and has always been...
Additional details: The West has always despised Russia and has always been trying to teach her a lesson.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2IF8P
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (15:22)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

There is a clear record of strong cooperation between the EU and Russia, dating back to 1994, when the two sides negotiated a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Russia was identified as a strategic partner for the EU, and was the only country with which the EU held summits not once, but twice a year. A new EU-Russia agreement was being negotiated up until 2014, at which point talks were suspended due to Russia's involvement in the Ukraine conflict. Negotiations were also in train on visa facilitation. There was also cooperation between the EU and Russia on a number of foreign policy issues, some of which continues to this day. The EU and its Member States have maintained a clear policy of reaching out to Russian society and youth, mainly through the Erasmus+ student exchange programme and other people to people contacts. // NATO has consistently striven to build a cooperative relationship with Russia since the early 1990s, through the Partnership for Peace and creation of a NATO-Russia Council, and specific cooperation in the Western Balkans on and issues like counter-narcotics and counter-terrorism. No other NATO partner has been offered a comparable relationship, nor a similarly comprehensive institutional framework: http://bit.ly/2e0TZnG // Russia has been invited into many other international bodies.

Keywords: Russophobia, The West
Countries: Russia, The West
More
Europe has given Russia no other ideas but communism, crusades,...
Additional details: Europe has given Russia no other ideas but communism, crusades, nazism and fascism.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2IF8P
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:11:21)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Accusations ignore centuries of cultural development in Europe.

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Europe, Russia
More
The project of Ukraine has no content apart from nazi...
Additional details: The project of Ukraine has no content apart from nazi ideology. The whole purpose of the independent state is being anti-Russian and "Heil Bandera".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2IF8P
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:34:08)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Repeating a myth that has been debunked many times. There are no nazis governing Ukraine, vast majority of Ukrainians voted for democratic parties. // There is no "anti-Russian ideology", it is the actions of the current regime in the Kremlin (like illegal annexation of Crimea or military actions in the east of Ukraine) that are perceived as aggression.

Keywords: Anti-Russian, Stepan Bandera, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The soldiers of Army of Ukraine take strong psychotropic drugs...
Additional details: The soldiers of Army of Ukraine take strong psychotropic drugs that allow soldiers to fight even after being shot and wounded severely.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lhA9p5
Disinforming outlet(s): Izvestia
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

Keywords: Drugs
Countries: Ukraine
More
German soldier serving as part of a NATO mission to...
Additional details: German soldier serving as part of a NATO mission to Lithuania raped a teenage girl.
Language / Targeted audience: Lithuania
Link to the disinformation: see the disproof column
Disinforming outlet(s): email campaign
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The story was an intentional fake, according to NATO planted by Russia: http://bit.ly/2meElDH [DE] or http://wapo.st/2lmNRpe [EN] or http://bit.ly/2lCWr5W [RU] or http://bit.ly/2m4JVcL [LV]

Keywords: Sexual harassment, NATO
Countries: Lithuania, Germany
More
The ideology and practice of Nazism is a tool by...
Additional details: The ideology and practice of Nazism is a tool by which the current Ukrainian authorities "keep at bay the entire nation". After Ukraine, the next victim of Nazism will be Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mhk80d
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (33:04, 1:11:04)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. There is no Nazi in the current Ukrainian government. The far-right Right Sector (often depicted as "fascists" or nazis by pro-Kremlin outlets) gained only 1.8% of the votes, far short of the threshold needed to enter parliament. Ukraine's electorate clearly voted for unity and moderation, not separatism or extremism, and the composition of the parliament reflects that http://bit.ly/2dFFEdi

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
An image shows the victim of attempted sexual assault, a...
Additional details: An image shows the victim of attempted sexual assault, a Danish 17-year-old girl.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mf1iH2
Disinforming outlet(s): takstranno.com
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The photo of the girl has been used since 2014 in many different stories claiming different cases of assaults commited by immigrants.http://bit.ly/2lC2Spi. The woman on the picture is Nanna Skovmand and she was beaten on Christmas Eve 2014 in Copenhagen - not recently in another part of denmark as the article claims.http://bit.ly/2kUO8xF.

Keywords: Sexual harassment
Countries: Denmark
More
EU's public diplomacy programmes in Russia aim at an "internal...
Additional details: EU's public diplomacy programmes in Russia aim at an "internal destabilisation of Russia" ahead of the 2018 presidential elections
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lC6mrY
Disinforming outlet(s): Life.ru
Reported by: EEAS
Disproof note:

EU's public diplomacy projects in Russia do not aim at destabilising Russia. On the contrary, they aim at developing human rights and democratic institutions.http://bit.ly/2m8mrmZ

Keywords: Destabilising Russia, Elections
Countries: Russia, EU
More
The US and Canada are ending their military cooperation with...
Additional details: The US and Canada are ending their military cooperation with Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2kDWgat
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

Ukraine will no longer be coproducing arms with certain companies from US and Canada, however, the three countries will continue to cooperate on military technology as demonstrated by new contracts and bilateral meetings. Further debunking at Stopfake http://bit.ly/2ldANnw.

Keywords: Military
Countries: Canada, Ukraine, US
More
USA provided Islamic state with weapons
Additional details: USA provided Islamic state with weapons. // Claims that Flynn secretly negotiated with the Russians are fabricated. // There was nothing like annexation of Crimea, but peaceful referendum.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lzoUJm
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

No evidence given // Even Mr. Flynn already admits that he had negotiated with Russians http://bbc.in/2kwnomR // Any decision relating to Ukraine's sovereignty or sovereign choices can only be taken without undue external pressure. This so-called referendum was organised in a matter of weeks by a self-proclaimed Crimean leadership lacking democratic legitimacy and installed by armed Russian military personnel following the seizure of public buildings. The EU does not recognise it.

Keywords: Referendum, Crimea, Daesh
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
Russia has no plans for aggression against Ukraine, so any...
Additional details: Russia has no plans for aggression against Ukraine, so any disputes on this topic are an ‘informational hypnosis’.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2ShAK
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (20:16)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Easily disproven by the fact that Russia has been on Ukranian territory since 2014. The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court have concluded that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government http://bit.ly/2ftv6iT.

Keywords: Information war
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The Swedish city of Malmö is plagued by crime due...
Additional details: The Swedish city of Malmö is plagued by crime due to the high number of refugees, 50 murders were recorded during last year and the unemployment is 63%. There are official no-go zones where the police does not go.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lAw5l3
Disinforming outlet(s): Voskresenye Vremya @‘Pervyi kanal’
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

During last year, 12 - not 50 - murders were recorded in the city, which is in fact an unusually high number. There is no evidence that this has anything to do with refugees. The unemployment rate is not 63% - thats the employment rate, the unemployment is in fact 10,5%. The disinformation concerning no-go zones has been debunked before and is often repeated, there are no official no-go zones according to the Swedish authorities. Further debunking of that claim by Buzzfeed http://bzfd.it/2lBQfdQ.

Keywords: Refugees, Migration crisis
Countries: Sweden
More
In 2014, the West provoked anti-government protests of Ukrainians to...
Additional details: In 2014, the West provoked anti-government protests of Ukrainians to distract the world from the Winter Olympics in Sochi.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mhtkS5
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of a large part of the Ukrainian society to the former President Yanukovych’s departure from the Association Agreement with the EU in November 2013.

Keywords: Olympics, Protest, Provocation, The West
Countries: Russia, The West, Ukraine
More
The name of ‘Ukraine’ is not historically correct for the...
Additional details: The name of ‘Ukraine’ is not historically correct for the country, the historical name is ‘Malorossiya’ and ‘Novorossiya’.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l2ShAK
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (05:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

This claim is contrary to historical documents. Since the 16-18 centuries, the word of ‘Ukraine’ was in use among both the Moscovites and the Europeans, for instance in the book ‘Déscription de l’Ukraine’ by Guillaume le Vasseur de Beauplan published in 1648 or on the well-known map by the Black Sea, composed by Georg Matthäus Seutter in 1740.http://bit.ly/2lCc8d2

Keywords: Novorossiya, Ukrainian statehood
Countries: Ukraine
More
The militants of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army existing during WWII...
Additional details: The militants of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army existing during WWII swore allegiance to Hitler.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2ldLaaY
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @Rossiya 1 (29:30)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The Ukrainian Insurgent Army was created in October 1942 in order to fight against both the USSR and the Third Reich. In 1944, it collaborated with Wehrmacht for tactical reasons http://bit.ly/2meyVZD .

Keywords: WWII, Adolf Hitler
Countries: Ukraine
More
The Swedish governing politicians decided three years ago that they...
Additional details: The Swedish governing politicians decided three years ago that they will cancel the elections and they will not allow Swedish people to vote until 2022.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mf2MRt
Disinforming outlet(s): protiproud.parlamentnilisty.cz
Reported by: Kremlin Watch (European Values think-tank), http://www.europeanvalues.net/kremlinwatch/
Disproof note:

In 2014, the Swedish government made a deal with the opposition to not disagree on a budget until 2022, which prevented snap elections. That deal was subsequently broken, but that has not had any effect so far. The next general election in Sweden is coming up in 2018. http://bit.ly/2lBlRjD

Keywords: Elections
Countries: Sweden
More
President Poroshenko was brought to power by the West in...
Additional details: President Poroshenko was brought to power by the West in order to take all the resources from Ukraine - money, people, peoples' organs, and soil.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l3eYEI
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (1:01:22)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory. Both the EU and the US support Ukrainian sovereignty. The EU is both currently and historically the biggest donor of financial help to Ukraine.

Keywords: Natural resources, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: The West, Ukraine
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The occupation of the Czech republic continues
Additional details: The occupation of the Czech republic continues. Based on new agreement signed by the Czech Armed Forces, one Czech army brigade will be commanded by German Bundeswehr. This is part of the German effort to dominate Europe and prevent the national states from protecting themselves against future waves of migrants.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2kDZNFM
Disinforming outlet(s): zvedavec.org
Reported by: Collected by the Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the framework of the Centre for International Relations‘ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

The Czech republic is not occupied. The agreement aims to improve the interoperability among Czech, Romanian and German armies. It establishes system of common military trainings and exercises that will allow better cooperation in the case of crises. Ultimately, the Czech government has to approve the participation in those exercises: http://bit.ly/2m0tHVh

Keywords: Occupation, Sovereignty
Countries: Europe, Czech Republic, Germany
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Jean-Claude Juncker said that he doubts the EU will not...
Additional details: Jean-Claude Juncker said that he doubts the EU will not fall apart during negotiations following the UK’s decision on Brexit.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2lyT4fP
Disinforming outlet(s): ac24.cz
Reported by: Collected by the Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) within the framework of the Centre for International Relations‘ project co-financed by the Visegrad Fund
Disproof note:

Jean-Claude Juncker said that the UK might try to divide Europe and that he has certain doubts whether EU27 will be united on this. Nothing about falling apart: http://bit.ly/2lH7RT9

Keywords: Brexit, Jean-Claude Juncker
Countries: UK, EU
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There was a coup in Ukraine and the current authorities...
Additional details: There was a coup in Ukraine and the current authorities are illegitimate.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l3eYEI
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (59:10)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Repeating disinformation that has been debunked many times. There was no coup in 2014 in Ukraine. The "Revolution of Dignity" was a spontaneous protest against the Viktor Yanukovych's regime and his U-turn on the Association Agreement with the EU. The current Parliament and the President of this country were elected in free and democratic elections after Yanukovych had fled the country.

Keywords: Coup
Countries: Ukraine
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People in Ukraine are humiliated because of their Russian origin...
Additional details: People in Ukraine are humiliated because of their Russian origin or because they are Russian-speaking. It is a common practice there.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2l3eYEI
Disinforming outlet(s): ‘Vremya pokazhet’ @ ‘Pervyi kanal’ (22:27)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Repeating disinformation that has been debunked many times. There is no problem with using Russian language in Ukraine. According to Ukraine’s Constitution and the Law on languages, every person is guaranteed the right to choose the language he or she wishes to speak and no restrictions have ever been enacted limiting that choice (see Article 10: http://bit.ly/2ep35dP

Keywords: Russian language, Ethnic Russians
Countries: Ukraine
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The main reason for the sharp fall of the Ukrainian...
Additional details: The main reason for the sharp fall of the Ukrainian economy in 2014 and later is the current government that is preparing Ukraine for a big war.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mhf63A
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:04:19)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given.The thing that damages the Ukrainian economy most is the war in the East (http://bit.ly/1GGxA5M) and national corruption inherited from the past (http://bit.ly/2dbivRx), which the EU is working with the government of Ukraine to address.http://bit.ly/2dYeL4j. Despite those challenges, Recent economic indicators show that the economy continues to grow on a modest trajectory. http://bit.ly/2m3nSWU

Keywords: War preparation, Economic difficulties
Countries: Ukraine
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Russia has not started the war in Ukraine, however, there...
Additional details: Russia has not started the war in Ukraine, however, there is no other solution for a conflict in Donbas except for a military answer.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mhf63A
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:19:38)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Military operations in Eastern Ukraine were launched in 2014 by an armed group under the command of Igor Girkin (nickname - "Strelkov"), Russian citizens and an agent of the secret service of the Russian army. That time, almost all the "leaders" and the commanders of the armed groups of the separatist "republics" in Donbas were also citizens of Russia that since the spring of 2014 has been massively supplying them with heavy weapons, ammunition, vehicles and fuel. See e.g http://bit.ly/1KpsngN, http://bit.ly/2lCcjFc.

Keywords: Donbas
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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The annexation of Crimea was necessary because the new Ukrainian...
Additional details: The annexation of Crimea was necessary because the new Ukrainian authorities had planned to attack the base of the Russian fleet in Sevastopol and start a war against Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mhf63A
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym @ Rossiya-1 (1:22:18)
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation took place in February-March 2014, almost two months before the pro-Russian protests in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts escalated into an armed separatist insurgency http://bbc.in/1FfegIv. So this was clearly not a case of preventing the escalation of a conflict which had not even started.

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
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Kiev launched a special military operation in southeast Ukraine in...
Additional details: Kiev launched a special military operation in southeast Ukraine in April 2014, after local residents refused to recognize the new Ukrainian authorities, which came to power as a result of a coup.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: http://bit.ly/2mh8l1V
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: Promote Ukraine
Disproof note:

The situation in Ukraine has been under the the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court preliminary examination since 25 April 2014. In their Report on Preliminary Examination Activities 2016, they conclude that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government http://bit.ly/2ftv6iT. According to Russian millitary medal "For Returning Crimea". the operation began on 20th of February http://bit.ly/231nvZ0. The 2014 presidential election in Ukraine was a genuine election largely in line with international commitments and respecting fundamental freedoms, despite the hostile security environment in two eastern regions of the country. According to the OSCE (of which Russia is a participating State) "the people of Ukraine had the opportunity to genuinely express their will at the ballot box" http://bit.ly/1hqcDuR. Similarly, Ukraine’s local elections in October 2015 were competitive and generally showed respect for the democratic process http://bit.ly/1VUL9V5.

Keywords: Coup
Countries: Ukraine
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