Almost five years ago on 18 August 2013, a video in Russian named “Horror. Legalisation of incest in Europe” was published on YouTube.

It is a story that indeed resembles a horror movie: slowly, it tells us with a threatening voice, European countries and especially Scandinavia, are moving towards legalising incest and making even “incestophobia” punishable.

In fact, incest is prohibited in the EU countries.

Now, the video has been shared over 8 600 times on Facebook. It got a whole new life and audience for its disinforming messages, when it was posted on Facebook in November last year, and the fact that many commentators see it as a propagandistic piece doesn’t prevent others from sharing it.

The story is scraped together from screenshots of articles with headlines that actually tell the opposite of the disinformation claims – like “Icelandic app aims to prevent incest” – or video footage from police cracking down protests that have no connection whatsoever with the topic.

Delivering a warning

The video stuns viewers with twisted figures like  “38 500 children that have been taken against their will and handed over to same-sex families in Germany”. We have seen before how exactly the same disinformation message made its way to Georgia. And this is not surprising: if the Youtube video is the oldest version of the story, the message has been online for almost five years, which is more than enough for an disinformation message to put down roots. The message is clear: warning that following the path of supporting democratic values will inevitably lead to moral decay and catastrophe. And it is one of the favourites of the pro-Kremlin disinformation campaign.

But if effectively debunked, attempts to use social media to disinform the public can have a much shorter life cycle. This week, the Dnipropetrovsk police department in Ukraine refuted the disinformation that a Ukrainian policeman published a Facebook profile photo with a Nazi uniform. In fact, the person has never worked in the police.

Distorting international law

The complexity of international law makes it one of the easiest sources to create pro-Kremlin disinformation. So this week Russia’s foreign minister was reported stating that Russia has not violated the Budapest Memorandum. Argumentation: Russia has neither used nor threatened to use nuclear weapons against Ukraine.

Sounds convincing? Actually, the Budapest Memorandum states that “The United States of America, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine, in accordance with the principles of the CSCE [Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe] Final Act, to respect the Independence and Sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine” – which Russiaclearly has violated by annexation of Crimea.

Secondly, Russia’s president has already confirmed that Russia was ready to put its nuclear weapons into a state of combat readiness during tensions over the crisis in Ukraine and Crimea.

Legal subjectivity

Even Western outlets may end up confusing the audience with reports on Crimea. This week, a Euronews article told how the Russian army trains children in Crimea on how to plant and defuse landmines as part of army’s “recruitment drive”. The article failed to explain the background of Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea, or to tell that Russia supports separatists in the war in Ukraine. Though the version of the article now on the website does concede that “Crimea, seen as a geopolitical stronghold for Moscow, was annexed from Ukraine in 2014” it also described how the European Union and US were prompted to impose “sanctions against Russia over the “illegal” move.” We recall that The United Nations General Assembly Resolution clearly says that Russia’s actions in the peninsula as well as the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea violate international law.

See the video for other examples how pro-Kremlin disinformation praised Russia this week.

Disinformation cases reported in the previous week:

The Anglo-Saxons rule America “from abroad” and are now trying to control Russia
Additional details: There is a sharp escalation of the conflict there. And the initiator of it is the United States. Because North Korea today is threatened to be punished very seriously. [---] It is very difficult for him [for Donald Trump] now and he does not run America today, it is run by the Anglo-Saxons from somewhere, by those who are trying to control Russia today. [...] America today is on the verge of impeachment of the elected president and the incumbent president needs war in one way or another.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ARQEEfUCJE8
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 9:43
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Repeating myths debunked many times. See here for a collection of debunks.

Keywords: Encircling Russia, Anglo-Saxon, Donald Trump
Countries: North Korea, Russia, US
More
Crimean Tatars to support Putin in March Presidential election
Additional details: The head of the Public Council of the Crimean-Tatar People, a group that includes 20 Crimean Tatar organizations publicly declares support for Putin as President.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: http://www.ntv.ru/novosti/1971064/
Disinforming outlet(s): NTV, TASS, RIA Novosti
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The source for this story is  Seitumer Numetullayev, the  head of the Public Council of the Crimean-Tatar People, a group that allegedly includes 20 Crimean Tatar organizations. However, Numetullayev has never been a Crimean Tatar leader. Prior to the annexation of Crimea he was a member of ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych’s Regions Party heading a regional administration in the southern Kherson province. He established the Public Council of the Crimean Tatar People in 2014, the organization is completely subservient to Crimea’s occupying authorities.

According to the sole genuine representative body of the Crimean Tatars, the Medjlis, Numetullayev and his organization have no influence or support among the Crimean Tatar people. The Medjlis is a national parliament with historic traditions in Arabic, Persian and Muslim societies. The Crimean Tatar Medjlis was organized in 1991. Russian authorities declared the organization extremist and banned it in 2016. Refat Chubarov, the current Medjlis chairman is banned from entering Crimea. Today the Medjlis is based in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv and is recognized by Ukraine’s parliament as the representative organ of the Crimean Tatars. Further debunking by Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-crimean-tatars-to-support-putin-in-march-presidential-election/.

Keywords: Crimean Tatars, Vladimir Putin, Elections, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The US becomes the world centre of neo-Nazism and anti-Semitism
Additional details: The US is becoming the world centre of neo-Nazism and anti-Semitism.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://youtu.be/ARQEEfUCJE8?t=2245
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 37:26
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Repeating recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation. No evidence given.

Keywords: Jews, Nazi/Fascist
Countries: US
More
50 thousand people would have got killed in Donbas if Russia did not intervene in Ukraine in 2014
Additional details: If our country [Russia] did not intervene that spring of the year of 2014, not ten thousand would have got killed there, but fifty thousand.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://youtu.be/T9wz6ClPUdA?t=1713
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 28:33
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation.

The human rights missions that travelled to Ukraine in 2014 did not find evidence that the Russian minority would have been in any danger:

1. The Advisory Committee’s Ad hoc Report on the situation of national minorities in Ukraine, adopted on 1 April 2014, Council of Europe;

2. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 15 June 2014;

4. Statement by the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities on her Recent Visit to Ukraine, 4 April 2014, Statement of 19 September 2014

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
By calling Moscow an "aggressor", destroying Russian people and letting foreign armed forces into Ukraine, Kyiv has violated the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with Russia
Additional details: After everything that has happened during these four years, the name of this treaty [the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Russia and Ukraine] seems quite cynical [...]. You [Ukraine] broke everything. ... You called us [Russia] the aggressor. You are exterminating Russian people. Most importantly there are charters in this treaty that talk about the military component. Including the charter saying that neither we [Russia] or you [Ukraine] can conclude any contract that can harm us. Nevertheless, today you let formally the foreign armed forces into your territory.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://youtu.be/yqUk-vy3Lgg?t=2994
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 49:55
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation. As for the “foreign armed forces”, Ukraine has never let them at its territory. It just has invited 218 foreign military instructors to help training Ukrainian soldiers. Ukraine also has never conducted a policy of “destroying Russian people” and now it is defending itself from Russia's military intervention that violates the international law.

UNGA Resolution 68/262 affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and underscored the invalidity of the 2014 Crimean referendum http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

Keywords: Destabilising Russia, War in Ukraine, Ethnic Russians
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Putin turns out to be the most popular politician on the Latvian TV in 2017
Additional details: President of Russia Vladimir Putin became the most popular politician on Latvian television in 2017, his New Year's message was watched by 280 thousand people in Latvia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Latvia, Sputnik Estonia, RIA Novosti, Telegraf.lv, Baltnews, Life.ru
Reported by: EAST Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The story is based on the viewership data for the top 40 TV programmes in 2017 that gained the highest TV audience in Latvia, provided by TNS Kantar Latvia. Putin's New Year speech had the TV audience of 144K on RTR Planeta Baltija and the TV audience of 135K on PBK. Same study shows that LV President's New Year address was viewed by 196K people on PBK and LV Prime Minister's New Year address by 178K people. In fact, viewership data of TV programmes is not sufficient to draw conclusions about popularity of politicians that take part in them.

Keywords: Vladimir Putin, Sputnik, Baltic states
Countries: Latvia, Russia
More
George Soros wants another change of government in Ukraine
Additional details: The West demands that Ukraine creates a high-level anti-corruption court, otherwise the country will be denied access to USD 800 million the Poroshenko administration has been promised. Western institutions have made ultimatum-like declarations, trying to force Ukraine to do something it opposes. Poroshenko hopes that he would receive the money anyway.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Disinforming outlet(s): Világlátó
Reported by: Political Capital Institute
Disproof note:

Repeating pro-Kremlin disinformation about George Soros. Petro Poroshenko submitted a draft law on the anti-corruption court on December 22, 2017. International institutions did indeed criticise the submitted draft bill for multiple reasons, most importantly for not following the Venice Commissions recommendations. Poroshenko stated he is open to having the draft amended during the second reading in Parliament. There is no proof that Ukrainians were against creating an anti-corruption court.

Keywords: Corruption, Ukraine, The West
Countries: Ukraine
More
US organises migration to destroy Europe
Additional details: The US organises migration to destroy Europe because otherwise the continent would have been as powerful as the United States. The Muslim invasion however will destroy European society. Immigration was started by the United States by creating chaos in the Middle East, which helped the rise of ISIS. Their plan is being executed by European politicians who are being paid off by the Americans.
Language / Targeted audience: Hungarian
Disinforming outlet(s): A világ titkai
Reported by: Political Capital Institute
Disproof note:

No evidence provided for recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation and conspiracy theory.

Keywords: EU, Islamisation, Muslim/Islam, Migration crisis, Daesh
Countries: EU, US, Middle East
More
In terms of trade, Russia is ten times more important for the Czech Republic than France
Additional details: As an economic partner, Russia is ten times more important for the Czech Republic than France.
Language / Targeted audience: Czech
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentni listy quoting Czech president Miloš Zeman
Reported by: European Values
Disproof note:

Czech exports to France are much higher than to Russia. France is the fifth most important destination for Czech exporters. In 2016, 5.2% of Czech exports went to France, while only 1.9% to Russia. Similarly for imports. In 2016 France accounted for 3.2% of import to the Czech Republic, while Russia 2%. Therefore in terms of export and import, Russia is less important for the Czech Republic than France.
Source: https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/cze/#Exports

Keywords: Trade, Miloš Zeman
Countries: Czech Republic, Russia, France
More
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate does not exist
Additional details: Kyiv Patriarchate has not been recognized in the world at all. [---] And the church of the Kyiv Patriarchate does not exist.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yqUk-vy3Lgg
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya pokazhet @Pervyi kanal, 6:28
Reported by: Pavel Spirin, former journalist
Disproof note:

Non-recognition does not mean that the church or its congregation do not exist. According to a poll conducted by the sociological service of the Razumkov Center in November 2016, the majority of Ukrainians - 64.7% - consider themselves Orthodox; among them 39.5% identify themselves with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate and 23.3% refer themselves to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate.

Keywords: Orthodox Church
Countries: Ukraine
More
Kyiv residents want Russian social media platforms back
Additional details: The majority of Kyiv residents are against banning Russian social media sites and Russian films. According to a poll carried out for the Ukrainian Obozrevatel internet newspaper, the majority of Kyiv residents want the Russian social media network VKontakte back.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Zvezda
Reported by: Stopfake.org
Disproof note:

The poll cited was not about Russian social networks or Russian films, but rather about Kyiv residents’ attitudes to Ukrainian sanctions against Russia.

Obozrevatel’s original story states that a small majority of Kyiv residents do not support Ukraine’s sanctions against Russia, there is no mention of support for any particular social media site. The poll was conducted by a group called Ukrainian Democratic Circle, who have done previous polls for Obozrevatel. This particular group however is not certified by the Ukrainian Sociological Association, who omitted it from their 2014 list of trusted sources.

Obozrevatel also has a poll of their own about the ban of Russian social media and search engines, the response is a resounding support for the ban.

Zvezda TV, owned by Russia’s Ministry of Defence, is well known to spread disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/dependent-media-russias-military-tv-zvezda/.

Further debunking by Stopfake https://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-kyiv-residents-want-russian-social-media-platforms-back/.

Keywords: TV Zvezda, Sanctions
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Drug liberalisation in Georgia ordered by Soros
Additional details: A draft law on the legalisation of all types of drugs in Georgia was ordered by George Soros. The law will ensure that drug dealers will not be punished.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Link to the disinformation: https://goo.gl/55o7R9
Disinforming outlet(s): Alt-Info
Reported by: EEAS Tbilisi
Disproof note:

No evidence given. George Soros is repeatedly blamed for many things in pro-Kremlin disinformation https://euvsdisinfo.eu/the-all-powerful-mr-soros-2/.

Keywords: Drugs, George Soros
Countries: Georgia
More
Ukrainian policeman published a Facebook profile photo with a Nazi uniform
Additional details: A Ukrainian policeman from Dnipropetrovsk published a Facebook profile photo with a Nazi uniform.
Language / Targeted audience: Ukrainian
Disinforming outlet(s): Znaj.ua
Obozrevatel
Reported by: EAST Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The police department from Dnipropetrovsk refuted this information on its official Facebook page: "We inform you officially that the person who impersonates the employee of the Dnipropetrovsk police, in fact, is not and never was (a policeman). Photos that are on this person's page with a policeman have been edited".

Keywords: Nazi/Fascist
Countries: Ukraine
More
The white slaves - migrants rape British girls for years, police fears accusations of racism
Additional details: Migrants rape British underage girls for years. Police knows what is happening but doesn't do anything due to fears of being accused of racism.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: https://lenta.ru/articles/2018/01/06/bri/
Disinforming outlet(s): Lenta
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The article does not provide evidence to the claims and is based on anonymous sources. The effect of the misleading message is strengthened with an image from a rape and revenge -film. It links to an article in the Independent that in fact reports that "Police believe they have exposed a new grooming gang in London as officers warn widespread abuse is taking place across the country. Four girls between the age of 13 and 15 have reported being raped by a group based around a McDonald’s in Stratford, triggering a crackdown that has so far identified at least 30 potential victims." There is no evidence that the police would be reluctant to take actions against the grooming gangs for fears of being accused of racism. According to reports, victims of the grooming gangs come from different ethnic backgrounds. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/sep/10/abuse-asian-girls-missed-white-victims

The issue has been widely discussed in the UK after a scandal of large-scale sex abuse of children came to light in Rotherham in 2012. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-south-yorkshire-28934963

 

 

Keywords: Racism, Migration crisis
Countries: UK
More
Lithuania introduces unilateral tariffs on railway cargo
Additional details: The practice of introducing "cutting tariffs" by the Lithuanian Railway should be discontinued, since it becomes unprofitable for cargo carriers to export their cargoes through the Kaliningrad seaport due to this. If the Lithuanian leaders really want mutually beneficial economic cooperation, then Russia must be sure that it will never have problems with the Kaliningrad region because of Lithuania.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rubaltic.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. According to Lithuanian authorities, all transit tariffs are decided in negotiations between two business entities  - national or regional railways of Lithuania and Russia. Lithuania has never imposed any tariffs unilaterally. According to official sources, the transit flows are growing. The reason for redirecting the cargo to sea-ports must be other than excessive tariffs.

Keywords: Trade
Countries: Russia, Lithuania
More
Economies of the Baltic countries can't make progress in the EU
Additional details: Economies of the Baltic countries can't make progress when the countries are EU members. [---] The only real solution for the Baltic economies is integration to the Russian market.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Lithuania, Vesti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation. Lithuania and Latvia were among Europe's 10 fastest growing economies in 2016, according to World Economic Forum.

In addition, Estonia was second in the 2017 Heritage Foundation's Index of Economic Freedom in Europe.  Lithuania was 8th and Latvia came in at 11th. In the global ranking Estonia is the 6th.

The Baltic countries have been a showcase of successful transformation after regaining independence following 50 years of Soviet occupation. This includes free market economies, well-functioning democratic institutions and legal system. http://bit.ly/K11iGM, http://bloom.bg/2eSwg3K // In 1995 in LV GDP per capita was 2.327 USD compared to 13.664 USD in 2015. In 1995 EE GDP per capita was 3.036 USD compared to 17.295 USD in 2015 http://bit.ly/1eRbn2E

 

 

Keywords: EU, Russian superiority, Economic difficulties
Countries: Latvia, Russia, Baltic states, Estonia, Lithuania, EU
More
Russia did not violate the Budapest Memorandum
Additional details: Russia neither used nor threatened to use nuclear weapons against Ukraine, so there was no violation of the Budapest Memorandum. At the same time Ukraine reaffirmed in a separate statement its commitment not to stir up anti-Russian, neo-Nazi and xenophobic sentiments. What happened after Maidan was a flagrant violation of these obligations by our Ukrainian neighbours.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
Reported by: SUT.am
Disproof note:

The Budapest Memorandum states that "The United States of America, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine, in accordance with the principles of the CSCE [Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe] Final Act, to respect the Independence and Sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine". https://www.larouchepub.com/eiw/public/2014/eirv41n08-20140221/34-35_4108.pdf, https://sut.am/en/archives/2396, https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/russia-has-never-violated-the-budapest-memorandum-because-russia-promised/. This was clearly violated by Russia https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headQuarters-homepage/37464/eu-non-recognition-policy-crimea-and-sevastopol-fact-sheet_en.

 

 

Keywords: Budapest memorandum, Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
Censorship in the Baltic states
Additional details: There is no freedom of speech for those denying the occupation of the Baltics in the Baltic states.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rubaltic.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Freedom of speech is not impaired in the Baltic countries, according to recent indexes https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2018, https://rsf.org/en/ranking,

Keywords: Freedom of speech
Countries: Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania
More
The Baltic countries are driving the EU's EaP policies with one single aim – to weaken Moscow
Additional details: The Baltic countries are driving the EU's Eastern Partnership policies with one single aim – to weaken Moscow
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rubaltic.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. In fact, the Eastern Partnership initiative is not against any country; it is a mutually beneficial and constructive platform for countries in the region to build a closer relationship with the EU, if they so choose. The EU does not demand that any of its partners need to make a choice between the EU or any other countries. We stand for good neighbourly relations. The Eastern Partnership respects the individual aspirations and ambition of each partner country https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/35712/myths-about-eastern-partnership-factsheet_en.

Keywords: Eastern Partnership, Anti-Russian
Countries: Russia, Baltic states
More
All three Baltic states are disappearing
Additional details: All three Baltic states are disappearing due to declining demography, which is much bigger threat to them than Russia is.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Rubaltic.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. In total, the population of Estonia increased by 0.2 percent in 2017. Net migration has been positive in Estonia for three years in a row, Statistics Estonia said.https://news.postimees.ee/4378179/estonian-population-grows-by-3-070-in-2017

Also. positive migration noted in Lithuania in  December 2017 http://www.lrt.lt/naujienos/lietuvoje/4/199722/lietuva-nebenyksta-gruodi-imigravo-daugiau-nei-emigravo

Keywords: Demography, Baltic states
Countries: Latvia, Russia, Baltic states, Estonia, Lithuania
More
Slowly, incest is being legalised in Europe
Additional details: Slowly, incest is being legalised in Europe. Especially in Scandinavia some politicians openly say that incest is a "gender norm". Like homophobia, incestophobia will also become punishable. In 2011 in Germany, 38 500 children were taken away from their families against their will and handed over to same sex families.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Facebook, Tatyana Magnus
Reported by: East Stratcom Task Force
Disproof note:

The video was published on Facebook in November 2017. On January 23 in 2018 it had been shared over 8 400 times.

Incest is illegal in all the European countries.// Disinformation about 38 500 children has been spread before in Georgia and debunked by us: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/report/in-2011-in-germany-38-500-children-were-taken-away/

 

Keywords: European values, Perversion, LGBT
Countries: Europe
More
Russian army enthuses kids about de-mining and defusing bombs
Additional details: In its recruitment drive, the Russian Army in Crimea is engaging with kids as young as 12, enthusing them about de-mining and defusing bombs.




Crimea, seen as a geopolitical stronghold for Moscow, was annexed from Ukraine in 2014 — prompting the European Union and US to impose sanctions against Russia over the "illegal" move.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Euronews
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The article is misleading and one-sided and does not question Russian military’s role in Crimea. It fails to explain that Russia is supporting the separatists in the war in Ukraine. The only context it gives is a sentence "Crimea, seen as a geopolitical stronghold for Moscow, was annexed from Ukraine in 2014 — prompting the European Union and US to impose sanctions against Russia over the "illegal" move."

Quotation marks imply that "illegal" is a subjective concept, which it is not. Article 2, paragraph 4 of the UN Charter declares without ambiguity that "all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations" http://bit.ly/1rbGaE3. UNGA Resolution 68/262 also affirmed the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and underscored the invalidity of the 2014 Crimean referendum http://bit.ly/1RZGnjo.

Keywords: Crimea
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More

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