According to pro-Kremlin outlets, this week the Americans should be proud of successfully organising the ‘yellow vest’ protests in France and autocéphale in Ukraine. Yet Kremlin-linked media also state that Americans are increasingly in love with Russia and President Putin.

But let’s start in Brussels and with the EU which – according to Russian media – is an obedient vassal of Washington and is currently harassing the countries which wish to normalise relations with Russia.

And one should not play games with the Americans, according to the pro-Kremlin conspiracy theorists – look at what happened in France: the United States and United Kingdom, we learn, organised the ‘yellow vests’ protests to remove President Macron from power – and, being clever, then accused Russia of being behind it. According to pro-Kremlin media, looking for evidence that Russia might have been involved in the ‘yellow vest’ protests is just a ploy to cover up this political wrongdoing.

Finally on the Americans themselves: as mentioned above, pro-Kremlin outlets announce an outbreak of admiration for Russia and President Vladimir Putin in the US. In reality, though, Americans’ attitudes regarding Russia are now at their worst since the collapse of the USSR.

Russophobia

The old narrative about the West as anti-Russian was again cultivated this week. A clear example this time, it was claimed, was the UN General Assembly’s resolution urging the Russian Federation to withdraw its military forces from Crimea and end the occupation there. According to disinforming outlets, Ukrainians are encouraged through this resolution to commit “new crimes” and provocations in the name of Western political ambitions.

We were also informed, once again, that Russia has been wrongly accused of the Skripals’ poisoning! To add to the flow of “proof” coming from pro-Kremlin outlets – over forty false narratives so far – we heard that the fact that the Skripals are hidden away from public eye is the “proof” that the UK itself is guilty of their poisoning.

No, Ukraine is not an aggressor

According to Kremlin media, Ukraine is an aggressor and this week we learned that its president has declared war on Russia, through a new law that allows Ukraine’s armed forces to detain and shoot on sight all Russian vessels in the Black Sea. On top of that, there is a plan for a chemical provocation in Mariupol – with the help of those British specialists who poisoned the Skripals, of course.

Conspiracy

The cherry on top of the disinformation cake is the disturbing conspiracy theory that there are apparently cold rooms in a Georgian laboratory, and that dangerous materials are tested there. We don’t want to give ideas to Kremlin trolls, but there are cold rooms in most laboratories we think, and in plenty of ordinary houses as well. They are called pantries. We can only imagine what kind of dangerous materials one could find there.

European Parliament is elected and paid to represent the interests of the USA
Additional details: European Parliament does not need to know the interests of the European countries that it represents. It must know that there is USA and everything the USA asks is right, democratic, and beneficial. This is what they are receiving their salary for and this is why they are elected.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @1 kanal (15.30 - 16.04).
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given.

The Members of the European Parliament are directly elected by voters in all Member States to represent people’s interests with regard to EU law-making and to make sure other EU institutions are accountable and work in accordance with democratic standards.

Keywords: European Parliament
Countries: US
More
Ukraine intends to punish and kill civilians in Donbas
Additional details: Ukraine will come and deal with collaborators in Donbas. Ukraine is intimidating people and planning to kill them.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xd64-eZJyw4
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 minut @ Rossiya 1, time 10.00 - 11.00
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given.

The TV host refers to the interview with Ukraine's chief military prosecutor, Anatoliy Matios, where he did not say such a thing. The video excerpt is shown, wherein prosecutor Matios says that Ukraine will eventually have to undergo the process of lustration and assess collaboration.

Keywords: War in Ukraine
Countries: Ukraine
More
Brussels is one of the most dangerous and criminal European cities
Additional details: “Various surveys” confirm that Brussels is one of the most crime-ridden and dangerous cities in Europe.

United States Embassy calls on its citizens to avoid using Brussels Metro after dark.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Politicano
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The edition bases its article on nonexistent surveys and an English source that manipulates with the name of Telegraph.co.uk by changing one letter in the title and making it – Telegraf.co.uk, which, in fact, is a Serbian edition.

Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: Brussels
Countries: Belgium
More
"Cold rooms" in the Lugar laboratory
Additional details: There are "Cold rooms" in the Lugar laboratory, which are not used in any other civilian laboratory. Dangerous materials are being tested in these rooms.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Georgia
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Long-lasting distorted reporting about the Lugar Laboratory. Pro-Kremlin disinformation has been disseminating conspiracy theories about the work of the Lugar Laboratory for years, claiming that the laboratory aims to spread dangerous viruses and exporting them to Russia. As for the so called "Cold rooms", they are not unique to Lugar Laboratory and are used in almost all labs, including in Russia, to store material.

Further debunking by Myth Detector.

For background see our articles: https://euvsdisinfo.eu/figure-of-the-week-12/

https://euvsdisinfo.eu/new-york-times-sheds-light-on-decades-old-tradition-of-kremlin-disinformation-campaign/

https://euvsdisinfo.eu/tailored-for-disinformation-heavy-users-conspiracy-theories-on-biological-weapons/

Keywords: Lugar, laboratory
Countries: Georgia
More
Austrian doping investigation of Russian biathletes is a provocation
Additional details: Austrian doping investigation of Russian biathletes is a provocation".
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vesti @ Rossiya 1 (12.40 - 13.00)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given.

Austrian authorities are investigating doping and corruption related offences involving the International Biathlon Union.

Alleging that official doping investigations are Western geopolitical tools and provocations against Russia are among recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives.

Keywords: Doping
Countries: Austria
More
EU-Georgia Association Agreement is classified
Additional details: Lifting the ban on agricultural land sales to foreign nationals was the European Union’s categorical demand related to the EU-Georgia Association Agreement. Part of the Association Agreement related to economy has been classified.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and World
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The EU-Georgia Association Agreement is a completely public document and it is available to all interested persons. Title V of the Association Agreement is about economic cooperation and it says nothing about the sale of agricultural land to foreign citizens.

Further debunking by Myth Detector.

Keywords: economy, AA/DCFTA
Countries: EU, Georgia
More
French intelligence allowed Strasbourg attack to happen, it is linked to the European Parliament elections
Additional details: The French intelligence service was aware of the attack in Strasbourg and allowed it to happen. The attack is linked to the elections to the European Parliament.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Channel One (1tv.ru), time 38:15
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given, conspiracy theory. At about 20:00 local time, on 11 December, a man opened fire close to the famed Christmas market in Strasbourg. Five people have died and several remain seriously injured a week later. The suspect was shot dead by police on 13 December. Read more: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46586969

Keywords: EU elections 2019, Terrorism, Secret services, Elections
Countries: France
More
Ukraine is preparing a chemical provocation in Mariupol
Additional details: Ukraine is preparing a chemical provocation against civilians in Mariupol in order to blame on the Donetsk National Republic.

//

Ukraine is preparing a chemical provocation in Mariupol, with support of the British specialists, who were involved in the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal. The intelligence services of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics foiled the provocation.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minutes @ Rossiya 1 (time: 49.30 - 51.30 on December 13 and 8:00-9:40 on December 17)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The claim is based on a statement of military leader of Russian-backed separatists in Donbas.

Recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation about chemical weapons in the war in Ukraine. 

 

Keywords: Sergei Skripal, Chemical weapons/attack, War in Ukraine, Conspiracy
Countries: Ukraine
More
Ukrainian boats illegally crossed the Russian maritime border
Additional details: In late November, Ukraine's Berdyansk and Nikopol gunboats and the Yany Kapu tugboat illegally crossed the Russian maritime border as they sailed toward the Kerch Strait, the entrance to the Sea of Azov. The Ukrainian vessels were seized by Russia after failing to respond to legal demands to leave the area.

Moscow described the incident as a clear provocation in violation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and promised to suppress any attempts to challenge its territorial integrity and sovereignty.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

On November 25 border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and a tug boat and their crews after opening fire at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters. However a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004, governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov, which in the treaty is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

See recurring disinformation examples about the Azov Sea.

Keywords: Kerch
Countries: Ukraine
More
The US is paying for Ukrainian security forces and Ukrainian provocations
Additional details: Ukraine's provocative actions, aimed at confrontation with Russia, are fuelled by foreign curators, who also pay for these actions. Recently, the US had to earmark more funds to Ukrainian security forces and provide an oversight over them. The proof for that is a list of military tenders by the US State Department, which includes equipment and services for Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Life.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The tender list is publicly available on the US Embassy in Ukraine web site. The equipment and services are devoted to Ukraine in the framework of aid and partnership programmes. The false narrative about Ukraine provoking Russia is a recurring one, so is the message about Ukraine colluding with the West.

For further debunking, see StopFake.org.

Keywords: Military, Provocation, The West
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
According to Germany, NATO is not needed anymore
Additional details: Germany declared it would continue to endorse NATO’s open-door policy towards Georgia (after a meeting between German and Georgian defence ministers) – but at the same time, it said that NATO was not needed any more and that the European countries must take care of creating the European army. President of France Emmanuel Macron is of the same opinion.
Language / Targeted audience: Georgian
Disinforming outlet(s): Georgia and the World
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No proof or evidence was given for these supposed French or German leaders' statements about NATO being obsolete.

In her speech at the Munich Security Conference, as well as in other  public statements, the German Minister of Defense Ursula von der Leyen underlined that there is no competition between NATO and strengthening of the EU defence capabilities.

Keywords: European army, EU/NATO enlargement, NATO
Countries: EU, Germany, Georgia
More
An Orthodox church in Ukraine seized by unknown people
Additional details: On 15 December, a group of 20 unknown people seized a Moscow Patriarchate Orthodox Church in Vinnytsia city (west-central Ukraine).

//

The building has been seized by people that support the autocephaly of the Ukrainian Church.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Tass
Lenta.ru
Utro.ru
NTV
RT
TV Tsargrad
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Ukrainian media published a video about a service held in that church on the 17 December.

Vinnytsia police chief Serhiy Syniavskyi informed that they “sent a special patrol to the church to check things out. Everything was normal as usual". And Stop Fake contacted the caretakers of the Vinnytsia church and were told everything was normal and no one had taken control of the church. "Over the telephone we could hear singing from the mass that was taking place there at the time", mentions Stop Fake.

Keywords: autocephaly, Orthodox Church
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
EU and US are pressuring Austria to conduct doping investigation into Russian biathletes
Additional details: There is an internal struggle between the Brussels bureaucracy, which is an obedient vassal of Washington, and countries like Austria and Slovakia, which want to protect their national interests, have never given in to Russophobia and wish to normalise relations with Russia. These countries are under colossal pressure and if there is no spy scandal then the West will come up with a doping scandal. [...] They want to put Austria to its place, take away its status of intermediary with Russia, not least because Austria is positive about the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vremya Pokazhet @ Pervyi kanal (1tv.ru), time 04.00 - 14.30
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Conspiracy theory with no evidence given.

The participants of the discussion are using insinuations and leading questions such as "I have no information that someone is behind it, but we always have to ask the question, who benefits?" to develop a narrative that Austria is under pressure to damage its relations with Russia, via the doping investigation.

Austrian authorities are investigating doping and corruption related offences involving the International Biathlon Union.

Alleging that official doping investigations are Western geopolitical tools and provocations against Russia are among recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives.

 

Keywords: Doping, Conspiracy
Countries: Austria
More
Looking for Russian traces in the 'yellow vests' protests is a cover-up
Additional details: Looking for proofs that Russia may be involved in the 'yellow vests' protests aims to cover wrong political decisions of other countries, for example France.

NATO, the United Kingdom and the United States benefit from the anti-Russian narrative. The BBC plays a crucial role in campaigns against states which may be perceived by the Western powers as an enemy to their interest.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik International
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. The potential involvement of Russia in amplifying the protests in France with help of social media has been mentioned in analyses (described ia. by Bloomberg and The Times). It is now subject to investigation by French authorities.

Keywords: yellow vests, Anti-Russian, Russophobia, The West
Countries: UK, Russia, US, France
More
Expired products allowed to be sold in Ukraine
Additional details: Ukraine’s parliament allowed expired products to be sold to consumers. The MPs happily adopted laws that degrade the quality of food in Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The new Ukrainian law on information for food consumers is aimed at protecting consumers and establishing a product labelling system in accordance with EU's regulations. The new law does change the expiration labelling of food products. For example, foods that are stored for a period of not more than three months must be labelled to indicate both the day and month of the date they should be used by. For goods that have longer shelf lives, the label must indicate the month and year of expiration. According to the new law, the manufacturers are also obliged to list the ingredients of a product.

Further debunking by Stop Fake.

 

 

Keywords: food, legislation
Countries: Ukraine
More
Poroshenko is preparing a provocation at the Ukrainian-Russian border
Additional details: President Petro Poroshenko is preparing an armed provocation on the Ukrainian-Russian border. It will take place at the end of December. Kyiv coordinates such moves with Western curators and confidants. Poroshenko is being advised to keep the military actions low key, so that it is still possible to enact propaganda that the Russians are attacking Ukraine.
Language / Targeted audience: Polish
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Polska
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring disinformation on Ukrainian provocations, Ukraine planning an offensive and collaborating with the West to fuel russophobia.

Keywords: Sergei Lavrov, Eastern Ukraine, Provocation, War in Ukraine, The West
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The US organized a color revolution in France, to get rid of Macron
Additional details: 'In recent years, Russophobia would take center stage in foreign policy designs of the United States.'

'And even though Frenchmen are always kin to fight for their rights even in the world where erosion of social security is now a global trend, it’s truly alarming that today’s protests across France bear all the attributes of a color revolution. And by this point, Washington has staged enough of those all across the globe to perfect its tools. And since Washington’s main goal is to remove Emmanuel Macron from power, it’s no wonder that protesters are chanting: “Macron must leave.”'

'It’s also particularly curious that any such provocation staged by the United States and Britain would typically be accompanied by a media campaign, aimed at distracting the public opinion from the real perpetrators of such protests. This time was no different, as Ukrainian intelligence agencies in a bid to please Washington tried to misguide French media sources into searching for a Russian trace behind the protests, but no evidence of Moscow having anything to do with it has been presented to them so far.'
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): NewsFront
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

A conspiracy theory. Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Western Russophobia.

No evidence given.

According to the Alliance for Securing Democracy, about 600 Twitter accounts known to promote Kremlin views have begun focusing on France, boosting their use of the hashtag #giletsjaunes, the French name for the Yellow Vest movement. French security services are looking at the situation, Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said Sunday in a radio interview with RTL.

 

Keywords: yellow vests
Countries: France
More
Russia was not involved in 2016 US elections, it was Mossad, UAE, al Qaeda and ISIS
Additional details: 'Mueller’s investigators have found that the 2016 election really involved many nations with the key violators Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, not Russia at all, according to sources.'
'In addition, investigation of social media manipulation by Google and Facebook has led back to the Mossad, not Russia. In fact, the trail to Russia has, for the most part, been paved by fake evidence placed on the net by Google and Facebook, evidence to make Russia look guilty while, in actuality, it was Israel that led the way.'
'According to investigation insiders, [Eric] Prince, working closely with Mark Zuckerberg and Jared Cohen of Google Ideas group, and backed by companies such as Mossad run PsyGroup, planned a broad program of social media manipulation that had initially been blamed on Russia, but now really tied to Israel, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and, in fact, the terror organizations al Qaeda and ISIS.'
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Newsfront
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Many Russian citizens have already been charged by the US over interference in the American Presidential election in 2016. The part of the Russian disinformation attack on the American elections which was carried out by the St. Petersburg “troll factory” was a more than two-year long operation involving dozens of employees, hundreds of thousands of followers and millions of dollars. The campaign also included purchasing election advertisement, which focused on race, LGBT, religion and guns. Russian military intelligence officers created false online personas and websites in order to stage the release of stolen election-related documents, falsely claiming their activities were the work of ‘American hacktivists’.

The indictment from the U.S. Department of Justice also shows how employees at the “troll factory” in St. Petersburg receive instructions about which messages they should push in social media and online debates.

Keywords: Mark Zuckerberg, Manipulated elections/referendum, Al-Qaeda, Mossad, Daesh
Countries: US
More
By terminating the Friendship Treaty with Russia, Ukraine lost its rights of passage through Kerch Strait
Additional details: Ukraine's decision to terminate the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation results in the fact that the legal basis for the Treaty of the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait is no longer valid. Therefore, Kiev deprives itself of the right of free navigation in the Azov-Kerch region.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ria.ru/20181211/1547778569.html
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

According to the  UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), all ships, including foreign warships, enjoy the right of "innocent passage" within another state's territorial sea under international law. The Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine on cooperation in the use of the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch (2003) simply refers to the Treaty on friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. All possible requirements for termination of a treaty are listed in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. These requirements have not been fulfilled, so the treaty regulating the passage through Kerch Strait should still be in force.

Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative on Azov sea.

Further debunking by The Insider.

Keywords: Azov sea, Kerch, International Law
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
The US is pushing the world to the World War 3, which will be a nuclear war.
Additional details: The US is pushing the world to World War 3, which will be a nuclear war. And the leaders think they will have time to run to specially built bunkers, where they will survive. They will not make it on time. All wars start because the diplomats think they will have time to run away.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym" @Rossiya 1 (1.53.20 – 1.54.30)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

Unsubstantiated claim. Consistent with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on the imminent threat of the World War 3.

Keywords: WWIII
Countries: US
More
The West is planning revolutions in the former Soviet Republics
Additional details: The West's main activity in the post-Soviet states is organizing revolutions.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Parlamentskaya Gazeta
Life.ru
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy narrative about the West organising revolutions.

Keywords: Sergei Lavrov, USSR, Colour revolutions
Countries: USSR, Russia, US
More
Ukraine will detain all Russian vessels in the Black Sea and will shoot on sight
Additional details: Ukraine adopted a new law that will allow it to detain all Russian vessels in the Black Sea and to shoot on sight.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru, Moskovskij Komsomolets
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The title of the article is misleading, implying that it is a matter of course that Ukraine will detain all Russian vessels in the Black Sea and shoot on sight.

According to the new Ukraine's law that regulates its rights within zone adjacent to territorial waters, Ukraine will be able to control, prevent and punish for the violations of customs, fiscal, immigration and sanitary rules. The law takes into consideration the regulations of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. It mentions that the use of force is allowed only in exceptional cases.

Further debunking by Stop Fake.

Keywords: Azov sea, Black Sea, International Law
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
UN resolution is yet another act of the West's anti-Russian campaign
Additional details: The UN General Assembly resolution regarding the militarisation of the Crimean peninsula is proof of an ongoing campaign against Russia, aimed at finding anti-Russian traces.

//

The resolution was adopted under the pressure from the West, it is a continuation of the anti-Russian policy and it is not about the Crimea. If the Crimea did not exist, the West would have come up with something else, directed against Russia.

//

By adopting the resolution, a group of the UN member states, mostly from NATO and the EU, encourages Ukrainians to commit new crimes and provocations in the name of Western political ambitions.
Language / Targeted audience: Polish
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik Polska
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring narrative on the West campaigning against Russia.

The General Assembly adopted on 17 December 2018 a resolution urging the Russian Federation to withdraw its military forces from Crimea and end its temporary occupation of Ukraine’s territory without delay. 66 countries (including most EU and NATO members, who, however, do not represent the majority of the countries for the resolution) voted in favour to 19 against.

The Assembly expressed concern about the use of force by the Russian Federation against Ukraine, including seizing three Ukrainian vessels on 25 November.

Keywords: Anti-Russian, UN, The West, Crimea
Countries: United Nations, Russia, The West, Ukraine
More
Russia may join the EU army. Its request to join NATO was rejected
Additional details: In light of disintegration of Ukraine and the presence of US-supported Nazi groups at Europe's borders, the Europeans might accelerate the creation of their own army. Russia may use this opportunity to join the EU army. In the past Russia requested to join NATO, but it was refused.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about the creation of an European army, also as an alternative to NATO.

No record of any official request from Russia to join NATO can be found. According to NATO, it has worked to build a partnership with Russia, developing "dialogue and practical cooperation in areas of common interest". Cooperation has been suspended since 2014, in response to Russia’s military intervention in Ukraine but political and military channels of communication remain open.

Read more about NATO's enlargement process here. Debunked myths regarding the dialogue between NATO and Russia can be found here.

Keywords: European army, EU/NATO enlargement, NATO
Countries: USSR, Russia, US
More
Ukrainian sailors detained by Russia do not want to return home
Additional details: As part of the Ukrainian provocation in the Azov Sea, the Ukrainian ships were supposed to sink and the sailors were to become "martyrs" of the "Russian aggression". This provocation did not succeed, as detained Ukrainian sailors start to understand the situation better. There are rumours that some of them don't want to return to Ukraine if they get released.

 
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy narrative about Azov Sea.

For background:

On November 25 border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters.

However a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004, governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov, which in the treaty is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

The construction of the Kerch Bridge took place without Ukraine's consent and constitutes a violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It has led, in parallel with the militarisation of the Azov Sea, to tougher controls on naval traffic in the strait. The European Union stated that it expects  Russia to stop the inspections.

For further reporting see the BellingcatDFRLab and Polygraph.

Keywords: Azov sea, Provocation
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
US is threatening the EU and tries to stop the Nord Stream 2 project
Additional details: The US requested Russia to release Ukrainian sailors - if they don't, Russia will face growing "consequences and pain". In fact, the American threats are directed at the EU and not at Russia. They especially concern Germany and aim to stop the Nord Stream 2 project.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Netwrok
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin narrative about Azov Sea and Nord Stream 2 pipeline project.

There is no connection between the Kerch strait clash and Nord Stream 2 pipeline project.

The US Department of State expressed its opposition to the Nord Stream 2 project, but it did not threaten the EU.

For background:

On November 25 border patrol boats belonging to Russia’s FSB security service seized two small Ukrainian armoured artillery vessels and their crews after shooting at them, wounding several Ukrainian servicemen. Russia argued that they were in Russian waters.

However a bilateral treaty between Russia and Ukraine, signed in 2003 and ratified by Russia in 2004, governs the use of the Kerch strait and the Sea of Azov, which in the treaty is considered to be the “internal waters” of both Russia and Ukraine.

The construction of the Kerch Bridge took place without Ukraine's consent and constitutes a violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It has led, in parallel with the militarisation of the Azov Sea, to tougher controls on naval traffic in the strait. The European Union stated that it expects  Russia to stop the inspections.

For further reporting see the BellingcatDFRLab and Polygraph.

Keywords: Azov sea, Nord Stream 2
Countries: Europe, Russia, US, Germany
More
US secret services behind colour revolutions in different countries
Additional details: Europe started to realize that US secret services are behind the "yellow vests" protests. US is also involved in colour revolutions that happened in Ukraine and other countries. There are many similarities between the protests in France and those in Ukraine. Only the US have enough capacity to organise such protests.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): News Front
Reported by: East Stratcom Netwrok
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy narrative about "yellow vests" and US secret services' involvement in Europe.

For background:

The spontaneous onset of the Euromaidan protests was a reaction of large parts of the Ukrainian population to former President Yanukovych’s sudden departure from the Association Agreement with the European Union in November 2013. The vast majority of the protesters (up to two million at one time nationwide) consisted of peaceful Ukrainian citizens.

Keywords: EU disintegration, Colour revolutions
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
Map shows: EU on fire
Additional details: Tweet: "Past month has been really rough on the EU, as protests, both violent and non-violent, have consumed some of the largest countries in the bloc."

[The map shows UK, France, Spain, Norway, Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Greece.]
Language / Targeted audience: English
Link to the disinformation: twitter.com/RT_com/status/1073608554723069952
Disinforming outlet(s): Russia Today
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

An exaggeration and a sensationalist narrative, along typical pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives, seeking to exacerbate and exaggerate tensions. Demonstrations, when not violent, are part of the democracy.

Pro-Kremlin media often uses maps as a way to mislead and distort.

Norway is not an EU country.

Keywords: Protest
Countries: Norway, EU
More
CIA behind establishment of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Additional details: The American embassy was one of the first to congratulate Ukraine on the day of calling the Ukrainian Orthodox Church into life. Only two days earlier, a former CIA officer Jack Devine was awarded a prize from the Kyiv patriarch for supporting Ukrainian independence and creation of the autocephalic church. Those two facts are a proof of CIA being involved in establishing the Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
Language / Targeted audience: German
Disinforming outlet(s): RT Deutsch
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy theory about CIA and narrative about Ukrainian Orthodox Church. The facts - establishing autocephaly, awarding a prize to a former CIA agent and congratulations from the US embassy - were put together in a manipulative manner, without any proof of them being linked to one another.

Keywords: autocephaly, Orthodox Church, CIA
Countries: Ukraine, US
More
UK violated Article 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by blaming Russia for Skripals poisoning
Additional details: UK violated article 11 of the Universal Human Rights declaration by blaming Russia for Skripals poisoning
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=buyCcTNoQpI
Disinforming outlet(s): Going Underground @ RT (1:20 - 1:25)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

False claim, presented in the form of a charged rhetorical question, during a  monologue on the alleged  UK violations of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights: "article 11 maintains that guilt needs to be proven, is that the case with Russia in the Skripals incident?"

The claim is in line with recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation narrative on Russia being set up to take blame for the Salisbury attack. It is also another attempt to deflect from the real human rights violation, namely the attack on the Skripals and related murder of an innocent civilian in Amesbury. For more evidence see here and for the UK government response here.

Keywords: Sergei Skripal, Human rights
Countries: UK
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The fact that Skirpals are held away from public eye proves that UK is guilty
Additional details: The fact that Skirpals are hidden and held away from public eye, is the proof that UK itself is guilty of their poisoning.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym" @ Rossiya 1 (1.55.45 – 1.56.05)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

One of many continuing pro-Kremlin disinformation narratives about the Salisbury attack. It is fairly obvious that, given the overwhelming evidence that the Skripals were the target of an assassination attempt by the Russian State, their whereabouts would now need to be protected

Keywords: Sergei Skripal
Countries: UK
More
The protests in France were organized by the UK and US
Additional details: The United States and United Kingdom organized the "yellow vests" protests in France, but accused Russia of standing behind them. They try to expand the protests all over Europe in order to destroy the European Union.

//

The US tries to revive the historical confrontation between Germany and France in order to destroy the EU.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Ukraina.ru
Politexpert
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy narrative about "yellow vests" and the United States' actions in Europe.

Keywords: yellow vests
Countries: Europe, UK, Russia, EU, US
More
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has declared war on Russia
Additional details: Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has declared war on Russia.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: www.youtube.com/watch?v=MA65pPCtI_Q
Disinforming outlet(s): 60 Minut @ Rossiya 1, time 00:15
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in an interview with Fox News addressed Russian President Vladimir Putin and called an act of "war" the attack of the Russian military on Ukrainian sailors in the Kerch Strait. "Mr. Putin, this is the act of aggression. Mr. Putin, this is the war. And this is not a joke, and not an incident, and not a crisis," Poroshenko said, See the interview on Poroshenko's Facebook page.
It was Russia that provoked the war in Ukraine.
The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has stated that “the information available suggests that the situation within the territory of Crimea and Sevastopol amounts to an international armed conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. This international armed conflict began at the latest on 26 February when the Russian Federation deployed members of its armed forces to gain control over parts of the Ukrainian territory without the consent of the Ukrainian Government https://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/otp/161114-otp-rep-PE_ENG.pdf.
See recurring pro-Kremlin disinformation messages around the Azov Sea.
Keywords: War in Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko
Countries: Russia, Ukraine
More
CIA behind the autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Additional details: The autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church is a special operation of the CIA, which also supports Islamists in Afghanistan and political terror in Latin America (Regnum, Sputnik)

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CIA helped Ukrainian Church split from Russian Orthodox Church (Vesti)
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Regnum, Sputnik, Vesti @Rossiya 1 (42.10 - 42.30)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

No evidence given. Recurring pro-Kremlin conspiracy theory about CIA and narrative about Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

For an example of a similar disinformation message in German and further debunking see here.

Keywords: autocephaly, Orthodox Church, Secret services, Conspiracy
Countries: Russia, Ukraine, US
More
US completely destroyed a hospital in Syria
Additional details: The Friday airstrikes of the US-led Coalition have completely destroyed a hospital in the Syrian city of Hajin in the eastern Deir ez-Zor province.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The claim was originally reported by the Islamic State’s own media service before being picked up by Syrian state media, and later ending up in Russian state media.

The U.S.-led coalition published a video from December 9 showing the hospital intact and without any apparent significant damage.

On December 9, there were reports of an explosion in the hospital, but the Pentagon denied responsibility while suggesting that IS forces, which were using the building as a fighting position, may have set off their own explosives during an engagement with Syrian Democratic Forces.

Further debunking by POLYGRAPH.info.

Keywords: Syrian War
Countries: US
More
Yellow vests protests in France are anti-EU protests, this is why they are dispersed with such police cruelty
Additional details: In France it is not simply the protest against fuel tax, this is anti-EU protest, and that is why they are so scared, why they dispersed the protests with such police cruelty.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Disinforming outlet(s): Vecher s Vladimirom Solovyovym" @ Rossiya 1 (1.49.30 – 1.50.18)
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

False statement.

The Yellow vests protests in France initially started as protests against a rise in duties on diesel, and evolved to include other issues, including calls for higher wages, lower taxes, better pensions and easier university entry requirements.

The nature and demands of the Yellow vests protests in France is documented by French and international media.

Keywords: yellow vests
Countries: France
More
Americans love Putin and Russia more and more
Additional details: The Americans love Russian president Vladimir Putin and Russia more. Also, more Republicans like Russia and Putin.
Language / Targeted audience: Russian
Link to the disinformation: ria.ru/20181213/1547896590.html
Disinforming outlet(s): RIA Novosti
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

According to Pew Research Centre, views of Russia are especially negative in Europe and North America. Only 21% of Americans have a favourable opinion of Russia. The 2018 study mentions that "Americans’ confidence in Putin has eroded somewhat, from 30% in 2007 to 21% today". At the same time, 27% of Republicans express favourable views of Russia (44% in 2003).

According to a Gallup study, Americans' attitude regarding Russia is now the worst since the collapse of the USSR.

Further debunking by The Insider.

Keywords: fake statistics, Vladimir Putin
Countries: Russia, US
More
No Russian trace in the 'yellow vests' protests – concluded by France
Additional details: France has actually concluded that there was no Russian trace in the protests.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): Sputnik International
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The investigation, as announced by French authorities, started on December 8 and is ongoing. Social media accounts connected to Russia have been actively amplifying the protests, as reported by  The Times and Bloomberg. No evidence given for the alleged French conclusions.

Keywords: yellow vests
Countries: Russia, France
More
French police in solidarity with the 'yellow vests' protesters
Additional details: Majority of French police forces support the Yellow Vests protesters. One of the signs of solidarity with the movement was shown in the city of Pau, where policemen took off their helmets in front of the protesters.
Language / Targeted audience: English
Disinforming outlet(s): RT, RT Deutsch, Sputnik
Reported by: East Stratcom Network
Disproof note:

The case was reported by Bloomberg, which underlined that the information about the police supporting the Yellow Vests protesters was coming from Mr Alexander Langlois, representative of the Vigi police union. The union is representing less than 4% of the unions in France and as such, cannot speak for all of them. After Bloomberg's article, both Sputnik and RT published corrections. RT indicated in a statement that the information from Mr Langlois 'sounded like it was a part of a large plot of Paris protesters'. Sputnik said that there was, in fact, no evidence that the removal of helmets was an act of solidarity with the protesters.

According to French media, the gesture of policemen responded to a "negotiation" with the "yellow vests" protesters, It was not a sign of solidarity. Further debunking by AFP.

Keywords: yellow vests, Protest
Countries: France
More

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